The aim of the work is getting reference data on thermophoretic motion eliminating gravity-induced perturbation, developing new instrumentation and procedures. A series of experiments on measuring phoretic velocities was performed in the Bremen drop tower providing 4.7 s of high quality microgravity conditions, which allowed making negligible particle sedimentation and buoyancy driven convection. Motion of aerosol particles was observed simultaneously at low resolution to control non-gravity convective motion in the cell and at high resolution by the digital holographic velocimeter in order to register particle three-dimensional trajectories. By choosing appropriate cell size and experimental procedures the heat and mass transfer relaxation processes were reduced to less than 0.3 s thus allowing measurements of particle velocities during more than 4 s. Side-wall temperature creep created convective motion in the cell. Its influence was suppressed by choosing sufficiently flat cell geometry. The values of the measured thermophoretic velocities for Knudsen number in the range 0.047-0.89 were found to be between predictions of the classical models of Talbot et al [1] on one hand and Yamamoto and Ishiara [2] on the other hand. Particles of different thermal conductivities (paraffin and NaCl) had about the same velocities. No negative thermophoresis was observed at these conditions for NaCl.

Thermophoretic measurements in presence of thermal stress convection in aerosol in microgravity conditions of Drop Tower

PRODI, Franco;
2005

Abstract

The aim of the work is getting reference data on thermophoretic motion eliminating gravity-induced perturbation, developing new instrumentation and procedures. A series of experiments on measuring phoretic velocities was performed in the Bremen drop tower providing 4.7 s of high quality microgravity conditions, which allowed making negligible particle sedimentation and buoyancy driven convection. Motion of aerosol particles was observed simultaneously at low resolution to control non-gravity convective motion in the cell and at high resolution by the digital holographic velocimeter in order to register particle three-dimensional trajectories. By choosing appropriate cell size and experimental procedures the heat and mass transfer relaxation processes were reduced to less than 0.3 s thus allowing measurements of particle velocities during more than 4 s. Side-wall temperature creep created convective motion in the cell. Its influence was suppressed by choosing sufficiently flat cell geometry. The values of the measured thermophoretic velocities for Knudsen number in the range 0.047-0.89 were found to be between predictions of the classical models of Talbot et al [1] on one hand and Yamamoto and Ishiara [2] on the other hand. Particles of different thermal conductivities (paraffin and NaCl) had about the same velocities. No negative thermophoresis was observed at these conditions for NaCl.
Vedernikov, A.; Prodi, Franco; Santachiara, G.; Travaini, S.; Dubois, F.; Legros, J. C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/524384
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