Immediate loading is a surgical-prosthetic procedure extensively used in implant dentistry. Despite its frequent use, minimal data are available on the long-term clinical success rate of immediate functional loading (IFL) and immediate nonfunctional loading (INFL) of implants. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term survival and bone loss of immediate nonfunctional single implant restorations in a group of patients that were monitored for 5 years. One hundred and eleven patients (41.4\% men) with a median age of 40 years were included in this study. A total of 111 implants were placed. All implants were placed with a minimum insertion torque of 25 Ncm. A temporary restoration was relined with acrylic resin, trimmed, polished, and cemented or screw-retained 1 to 2 hours later. Occlusal contact was avoided in centric and lateral excursions. After provisional crown delivery, a periapical radiograph was performed by means of a customized Rinn holder device. Data were analyzed by means of Kaplan-Meier and life-table algorithms. Stratification of implant survival was performed for the available variables of interest, and comparisons were analyzed using a log-rank test. Investigated parameters were time of implant placement, bone quality, implant site, implant diameter and length, and type of implant surface enhancement. The parameters for overall success rate were defined by bone resorption <1.5 mm after the first year of loading and <0.2 mm thereafter. During the 5-year follow-up period, a survival rate of 95.5\% was observed. All failures occurred within 4 months of implant loading. There were statistically significant differences regarding healed vs post-extraction implant sites (100\% and 92.5\%, respectively, P = .05) and type of bone (D1 vs D4 yielded 100\% and 95.5\%, respectively, P <.05). No differences were detected for: (1) site (100\% for mandible and 94.63\% for maxilla, P =-.319); (2) implant diameter (survival rates of 97.26\% for <4.5-mm diameter and 92.11\% for >4.5mm diameter, P = .206); (3) implant lengths (survival rates of 96.97\% for implants >13 mm and 94.87\% for implants <13 mm, P =.624); and (4) type of implant surface enhancement (survival rates of 94.03\% for 67 cases of grit-blasted and acid-etched surfaces and a failure rate of 4 out of 5, and 94.12\% for 17 cases of hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated surfaces with only 1 failure). The success rate (defined as bone resorption >1.5 mm after the first year of loading and >0.2 mm thereafter) was 97.2\%. Immediate nonocclusal loading of single implants is a reliable surgical-prosthetic procedure with a low rate of implant loss and a low quantity of peri-implant bone loss over time.

Five-year outcome of 111 immediate nonfunctional single restorations.

CARINCI, Francesco
2006

Abstract

Immediate loading is a surgical-prosthetic procedure extensively used in implant dentistry. Despite its frequent use, minimal data are available on the long-term clinical success rate of immediate functional loading (IFL) and immediate nonfunctional loading (INFL) of implants. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term survival and bone loss of immediate nonfunctional single implant restorations in a group of patients that were monitored for 5 years. One hundred and eleven patients (41.4\% men) with a median age of 40 years were included in this study. A total of 111 implants were placed. All implants were placed with a minimum insertion torque of 25 Ncm. A temporary restoration was relined with acrylic resin, trimmed, polished, and cemented or screw-retained 1 to 2 hours later. Occlusal contact was avoided in centric and lateral excursions. After provisional crown delivery, a periapical radiograph was performed by means of a customized Rinn holder device. Data were analyzed by means of Kaplan-Meier and life-table algorithms. Stratification of implant survival was performed for the available variables of interest, and comparisons were analyzed using a log-rank test. Investigated parameters were time of implant placement, bone quality, implant site, implant diameter and length, and type of implant surface enhancement. The parameters for overall success rate were defined by bone resorption <1.5 mm after the first year of loading and <0.2 mm thereafter. During the 5-year follow-up period, a survival rate of 95.5\% was observed. All failures occurred within 4 months of implant loading. There were statistically significant differences regarding healed vs post-extraction implant sites (100\% and 92.5\%, respectively, P = .05) and type of bone (D1 vs D4 yielded 100\% and 95.5\%, respectively, P <.05). No differences were detected for: (1) site (100\% for mandible and 94.63\% for maxilla, P =-.319); (2) implant diameter (survival rates of 97.26\% for <4.5-mm diameter and 92.11\% for >4.5mm diameter, P = .206); (3) implant lengths (survival rates of 96.97\% for implants >13 mm and 94.87\% for implants <13 mm, P =.624); and (4) type of implant surface enhancement (survival rates of 94.03\% for 67 cases of grit-blasted and acid-etched surfaces and a failure rate of 4 out of 5, and 94.12\% for 17 cases of hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated surfaces with only 1 failure). The success rate (defined as bone resorption >1.5 mm after the first year of loading and >0.2 mm thereafter) was 97.2\%. Immediate nonocclusal loading of single implants is a reliable surgical-prosthetic procedure with a low rate of implant loss and a low quantity of peri-implant bone loss over time.
2006
M., Degidi; A., Piattelli; P., Gehrke; P., Felice; Carinci, Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/518373
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