The effect of cholecystokinin tetrapeptide (CCK(4)) and of different anxiolytic drugs on GABA outflow from the cerebral cortex was investigated in freely moving rats, by using the epidural cup technique. CCK(4) (3-30 microg/kg, i.p.) increased GABA outflow and induced objective signs of anxiety. These neurochemical and behavioral responses were prevented by the CCK(B) antagonist GV150013 at 0.1 microg/kg (i.p.). At higher doses (up to 30 microg/kg) this compound per se reduced GABA release and caused sedation, suggesting the presence of a CCKergic positive tonic modulation on GABA interneurons. Similarly the GABA(A) receptors modulator, diazepam (2mg/kg, i.p.) and the 5-HT(1A) agonist buspirone (3mg/kg, i.p.) reduced GABA outflow and caused the expected behavioral effects (reduced muscle tone, mild 5-HT syndrome) which were prevented by the respective, selective antagonists, flumazenil (1mg/kg, i.p.) and NAN-190 (3mg/kg, i.p.). These findings support the idea that GV150013, diazepam and buspirone inhibit GABAergic cortical activity, through the respective receptors. This neurochemical effect may represent the end-effect of various anxiolytic compounds affecting the cortical circuitry.

Effects of cholecystokinin tetrapeptide (CCK4) and of anxiolytic drugs on GABA outflow from the cerebral cortex of freely moving rats

SINISCALCHI, Anna;RODI, Donata;CAVALLINI, Sabrina;MARINO, Silvia;FERRARO, Luca Nicola;BEANI, Lorenzo;BIANCHI, Clementina
2003

Abstract

The effect of cholecystokinin tetrapeptide (CCK(4)) and of different anxiolytic drugs on GABA outflow from the cerebral cortex was investigated in freely moving rats, by using the epidural cup technique. CCK(4) (3-30 microg/kg, i.p.) increased GABA outflow and induced objective signs of anxiety. These neurochemical and behavioral responses were prevented by the CCK(B) antagonist GV150013 at 0.1 microg/kg (i.p.). At higher doses (up to 30 microg/kg) this compound per se reduced GABA release and caused sedation, suggesting the presence of a CCKergic positive tonic modulation on GABA interneurons. Similarly the GABA(A) receptors modulator, diazepam (2mg/kg, i.p.) and the 5-HT(1A) agonist buspirone (3mg/kg, i.p.) reduced GABA outflow and caused the expected behavioral effects (reduced muscle tone, mild 5-HT syndrome) which were prevented by the respective, selective antagonists, flumazenil (1mg/kg, i.p.) and NAN-190 (3mg/kg, i.p.). These findings support the idea that GV150013, diazepam and buspirone inhibit GABAergic cortical activity, through the respective receptors. This neurochemical effect may represent the end-effect of various anxiolytic compounds affecting the cortical circuitry.
2003
Siniscalchi, Anna; Rodi, Donata; Cavallini, Sabrina; Marino, Silvia; Ferraro, Luca Nicola; Beani, Lorenzo; Bianchi, Clementina
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/516674
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