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|Titolo:||Immediate and delayed effects of in vitro ischemia on glutamate efflux from guinea-pig cerebral cortex slices|
|Autori interni:||CALO', Girolamo|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1997|
|Abstract:||Immediate and delayed effects of glucose deprivation, oxygen deprivation (hypoxia) and both oxygen and glucose deprivation (in vitro ischemia) on glutamate efflux from guinea pig cerebral cortex slices were studied. Immediate effects were evaluated by measuring changes of glutamate efflux during the metabolic insults. Delayed effects were evaluated by measuring the response of the tissue to a 50 mM KCI pulse applied 60 min after the metabolic insults. Deprivation of glucose in the medium did not induce either immediate or delayed effects, while hypoxic condition produced an immediate slight stimulation of glutamate efflux without any delayed effect. Conversely, in vitro ischemia produced both immediate and delayed effects on glutamate efflux. During in vitro ischemia glutamate efflux dramatically increased in a calcium-independent and tetrodotoxin-sensitive manner; this effect was potentiated by a low sodium containing medium. The blockade of the sodium/potassium ATPase exchanger by ouabain caused a glutamate outflow similar to that induced by in vitro ischemia. On the whole, these data demonstrate the central role played by the sodium electrochemical gradient and by the membrane glutamate uptake system in the glutamate overflow induced by in vitro ischemia. Moreover, in slices previously exposed to both oxygen and glucose deprivation the effect of KCI on glutamate efflux was potentiated. This in vitro ischemia-induced delayed potentiation of neurotransmitter efflux, until now unreported in the literature, was found to be selectively restricted to glutamatergic structures and to be mainly due to an enhancement of the exocytotic component of glutamate release.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|
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