Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen-presenting cells that initiate the immune response by activating T lymphocytes. DCs express plasma membrane receptors for extracellular nucleotides named P2 receptors (P2Rs). Stimulation of P2Rs in these cells is known to cause chemotaxis, cytokine release, and cell death and to modulate LPS-dependent differentiation. Here we show that stimulation of the P2X(7) receptor subtype (P2X(7)R) causes fast microvesicle shedding from DC plasma membrane. Vesicle release occurs from both immature and mature DCs; however, only vesicles from mature DCs, due to their previous exposure to LPS, contain IL-1beta. Microvesicles, whether from immature or mature DCs, also contain caspase-1 and -3 and cathepsin D. They also express the P2X(7)R in addition to other P2Rs and known markers of immune cells such as major histocompatibility complex II (MHC II) and CD39. Activation of the P2X(7)R by extracellular ATP causes IL-1beta release from the vesicle lumen. Previous studies demonstrated that high extracellular K(+) inhibits IL-1beta processing and release; here we show that high ionic strength reduces microvesicle shedding when compared with a low ionic strength medium but strongly increases microvesicle IL-1beta loading

Stimulation of P2 receptors causes release of IL-1beta-loaded microvescicles from human dendritic cells

PIZZIRANI, Cinzia;FERRARI, Davide;CHIOZZI, Paola;ADINOLFI, Elena;DI VIRGILIO, Francesco
2007

Abstract

Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen-presenting cells that initiate the immune response by activating T lymphocytes. DCs express plasma membrane receptors for extracellular nucleotides named P2 receptors (P2Rs). Stimulation of P2Rs in these cells is known to cause chemotaxis, cytokine release, and cell death and to modulate LPS-dependent differentiation. Here we show that stimulation of the P2X(7) receptor subtype (P2X(7)R) causes fast microvesicle shedding from DC plasma membrane. Vesicle release occurs from both immature and mature DCs; however, only vesicles from mature DCs, due to their previous exposure to LPS, contain IL-1beta. Microvesicles, whether from immature or mature DCs, also contain caspase-1 and -3 and cathepsin D. They also express the P2X(7)R in addition to other P2Rs and known markers of immune cells such as major histocompatibility complex II (MHC II) and CD39. Activation of the P2X(7)R by extracellular ATP causes IL-1beta release from the vesicle lumen. Previous studies demonstrated that high extracellular K(+) inhibits IL-1beta processing and release; here we show that high ionic strength reduces microvesicle shedding when compared with a low ionic strength medium but strongly increases microvesicle IL-1beta loading
2007
Pizzirani, Cinzia; Ferrari, Davide; Chiozzi, Paola; Adinolfi, Elena; Sandon, D; Savaglio, E; DI VIRGILIO, Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/494444
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