The release of synaptic transmitter in chemical synapses is brought about by Ca2+ influx through voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels opened by depolarisation of presynaptic terminals. However, in some preparations transmitter release persists or increases in low-Ca2+ media, and it has therefore been proposed that transmitter release could also occur through a Ca2+-independent, carrier mediated process. In particular it has been suggested that this may be the case for synaptic transmission between photoreceptors and second order neurones of the vertebrate retina. From our recent experiments on synaptic transmission from photoreceptors to horizontal cells of turtle and salamander retinas, it appears that lowering extracellular Ca2+ can actually promote Ca2+ influx through voltage-activated Ca2+ channels via a modification of surface potential of plasma membranes. On the basis of this apparently paradoxical effect of low Ca2+ media, it is possible to reaccommodate the so-called Ca2+-independent release within the framework of Ca2+-dependent synaptic transmission without invoking unconventional mechanisms.
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|Titolo:||Calcium-independent release of neurotransmitter in the retina: a "copernican" viewpoint change|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|