OBJECTIVES: The effects of prolonged macrophage depletion on haematological parameters were investigated in aged rats and compared with those in young ones. METHODS: Four weekly i.v. injections of dichloromethylene diphosphonate-containing liposomes (Cl2MDP-CL) were employed to achieve a prolonged depletion of bone marrow (BM) and spleen macrophages. The number of BM macrophages was then assessed by flow cytometry, whereas the spleen clearance function was judged by the elimination of oxidised red blood cells (RBC). Haematological parameters and signs of RBC ageing (reduced MCV, increased density and augmented 4.1a/4.1b membrane protein ratio) were determined. Finally, the recovery from phlebotomy-induced acute anaemia was investigated. RESULTS: Following the Cl2MDP-CL treatment, in comparison with young rats, the aged animals showed: (i) reduced numbers of BM macrophages; (ii) greater impairment of spleen clearance function; (iii) similar anaemic condition and signs of RBC ageing; (iv) greater increase in white blood cell (WBC) numbers (mainly neutrophils). In addition, whereas aged control rats showed a recovery from phlebotomy-induced acute anaemia which was similar to that of the untreated young animals, in the aged-treated rats, a significantly diminished/delayed restoration of RBC, Hb and reticulocyte to normal values was observed, accompanied by a significantly higher increase in WBC numbers than in the other groups of animals. CONCLUSION: Haematological abnormalities because of Cl2MDP-CL-induced macrophage depletion are potentiated in aged rats in which the BM regenerative potential of the erythroid lineage as well as the clearance function of the spleen appear compromised. Thus, in aged rats, macrophage dysfunction is likely to interfere with erythroid homeostasis particularly during haemopoietic stress.

POTENTIATION OF ERYTHROID ABNORMALITIES FOLLOWING MACROPHAGE DEPLETION IN AGED RATS

GIULIANI, Anna Lisa;GRALDI, Giuseppe;VERONESI, Massimo;BERTI, Gilberto
2007

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The effects of prolonged macrophage depletion on haematological parameters were investigated in aged rats and compared with those in young ones. METHODS: Four weekly i.v. injections of dichloromethylene diphosphonate-containing liposomes (Cl2MDP-CL) were employed to achieve a prolonged depletion of bone marrow (BM) and spleen macrophages. The number of BM macrophages was then assessed by flow cytometry, whereas the spleen clearance function was judged by the elimination of oxidised red blood cells (RBC). Haematological parameters and signs of RBC ageing (reduced MCV, increased density and augmented 4.1a/4.1b membrane protein ratio) were determined. Finally, the recovery from phlebotomy-induced acute anaemia was investigated. RESULTS: Following the Cl2MDP-CL treatment, in comparison with young rats, the aged animals showed: (i) reduced numbers of BM macrophages; (ii) greater impairment of spleen clearance function; (iii) similar anaemic condition and signs of RBC ageing; (iv) greater increase in white blood cell (WBC) numbers (mainly neutrophils). In addition, whereas aged control rats showed a recovery from phlebotomy-induced acute anaemia which was similar to that of the untreated young animals, in the aged-treated rats, a significantly diminished/delayed restoration of RBC, Hb and reticulocyte to normal values was observed, accompanied by a significantly higher increase in WBC numbers than in the other groups of animals. CONCLUSION: Haematological abnormalities because of Cl2MDP-CL-induced macrophage depletion are potentiated in aged rats in which the BM regenerative potential of the erythroid lineage as well as the clearance function of the spleen appear compromised. Thus, in aged rats, macrophage dysfunction is likely to interfere with erythroid homeostasis particularly during haemopoietic stress.
2007
Giuliani, Anna Lisa; Graldi, Giuseppe; Veronesi, Massimo; Lorenzini, F.; Gandini, G.; Unis, L.; Previato, A.; Wiener, E.; Wickramasinghe, S. N.; Berti, Gilberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/470668
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