Gradients of allele frequencies have long been considered the main genetic characteristic of the European population, but mitochondrial DNA diversity seems to be distributed differently. One Alu insertion (YAP), five tetranucleotide (DYS19, DYS389B, DYS390, DYS391 and DYS393) and one trinucleotide (DYS392) microsatellite loci of the Y chromosome were analysed for geographical patterns in 59 European populations. Spatial correlograms showed dines for most markers, which paralleled the gradients previously observed for two restriction fragment length polymorphisms. Effective separation times between populations were estimated from genetic distances at microsatellite loci. Even after correcting for the possible effects of continuous local gene flow, the most distant Indo-European-speaking populations seem to have separated no more than 7000 years ago. The clinal patterns and the estimated, recent separation times between populations jointly suggest that Y-chromosome diversity in Europe largely reflects a directional demic expansion, which is unlikely to have occurred before the Neolithic period.

Y-chromosome polymorphism and the origins of the European gene pool.

BARBUJANI, Guido
1999

Abstract

Gradients of allele frequencies have long been considered the main genetic characteristic of the European population, but mitochondrial DNA diversity seems to be distributed differently. One Alu insertion (YAP), five tetranucleotide (DYS19, DYS389B, DYS390, DYS391 and DYS393) and one trinucleotide (DYS392) microsatellite loci of the Y chromosome were analysed for geographical patterns in 59 European populations. Spatial correlograms showed dines for most markers, which paralleled the gradients previously observed for two restriction fragment length polymorphisms. Effective separation times between populations were estimated from genetic distances at microsatellite loci. Even after correcting for the possible effects of continuous local gene flow, the most distant Indo-European-speaking populations seem to have separated no more than 7000 years ago. The clinal patterns and the estimated, recent separation times between populations jointly suggest that Y-chromosome diversity in Europe largely reflects a directional demic expansion, which is unlikely to have occurred before the Neolithic period.
Casalotti, R.; Belledi, M.; Simoni, L.; Barbujani, Guido
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/460315
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