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|Titolo:||Relative contribution of sympathetic and sensory nerves to thermal nociception and tissue trophism in rats.|
|Autori interni:||ABELLI, Luigi|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1993|
|Abstract:||Neonatal injection of 6-hydroxydopamine (420 mg/kg s.c.) lowered thermal nociceptive threshold (hot plate and tail immersion tests) and increased levels of substance P-like immunoreactivity in the skin (paws, tail, area of vibrissae) of Wistar rats. Chemical ablation of primary afferents, induced in either neonatal or adult rats by systemic administration of capsaicin, increased thermal nociceptive threshold (hot plate), irrespective of 6-hydroxydopamine pretreatment and reduced substance P-Iike immunoreactivity in the hind-paw skin of either control or sympathectomized rats. Capsaicin pretreatment of neonatal but not adult rats produced antinociceptive effect in the tail-immersion test and completely reversed the hyperalgesic effect of sympathectomy, without affecting levels of substance P-like immunoreactivity in the tail skin. These findings indicate that sympathetic nerves and different subsets of capsaicin-sensitive primary afferents are involved in the processing of thermal nociceptive input. Corneal and cutaneous lesions were induced by neonatal sensory denervation with capsaicin. Sympathectomy afforded protection against the development of corneal pathology, while it did not affect the occurrence of cutaneous lesions. It appears that a balance in the neuronal activity between sympathetic neurons and trigeminal sensory neurons is critical for maintaining the normal trophism of the cornea, and that sensory neuropeptides play a key role in the maintenance of normal trophism of the skin.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|
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