Introduction: Poly-ADP-ribose-polymerase inhibitors (PARPi), which exploit the processes of so-called 'synthetic lethality,' have been successfully implemented in oncological practice. However, not all patients respond to PARPi, and there is an unmet need for noninvasive biomarkers suitable for patient selection and monitoring during PARPi therapy. Areas covered: The first clinical applications of molecular imaging with positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) with [18F]-FluorThanatrace ([18F]-FTT) and [18F]-PARPi, highly effective PARP-ligands, in patients with several malignancies, (head and neck, ovarian, prostate and breast cancer) are covered, with a particular focus on its potential for pre-treatment selection and follow-up. Expert opinion: By a search made on the most common database, such as PubMed and Google Scholar in a period from January 2010 and 2023, first clinical evidence suggests that PET/CT with [18F]-FTT and [18F]-PARPi might represent a reliable tool for in vivo imaging and quantification of PARP-1 expression in ovarian, prostate, breast, head and neck cancer, supporting their potential usefulness for patient selection before PARPi-therapies. In addition, a reduction in [18F]-FTT uptake has been registered after therapy initiation and seems to be correlated with patient outcome after PARPi-based regimens. Further studies are needed to better address the value of PARPI-radiolabeled PET imaging in these clinical settings, especially as it concerns technical features such as optimal scan modality (dynamic vs. static) and timing.

Molecular imaging of PARP in cancer: state-of-the-art

Urso L.;
2023

Abstract

Introduction: Poly-ADP-ribose-polymerase inhibitors (PARPi), which exploit the processes of so-called 'synthetic lethality,' have been successfully implemented in oncological practice. However, not all patients respond to PARPi, and there is an unmet need for noninvasive biomarkers suitable for patient selection and monitoring during PARPi therapy. Areas covered: The first clinical applications of molecular imaging with positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) with [18F]-FluorThanatrace ([18F]-FTT) and [18F]-PARPi, highly effective PARP-ligands, in patients with several malignancies, (head and neck, ovarian, prostate and breast cancer) are covered, with a particular focus on its potential for pre-treatment selection and follow-up. Expert opinion: By a search made on the most common database, such as PubMed and Google Scholar in a period from January 2010 and 2023, first clinical evidence suggests that PET/CT with [18F]-FTT and [18F]-PARPi might represent a reliable tool for in vivo imaging and quantification of PARP-1 expression in ovarian, prostate, breast, head and neck cancer, supporting their potential usefulness for patient selection before PARPi-therapies. In addition, a reduction in [18F]-FTT uptake has been registered after therapy initiation and seems to be correlated with patient outcome after PARPi-based regimens. Further studies are needed to better address the value of PARPI-radiolabeled PET imaging in these clinical settings, especially as it concerns technical features such as optimal scan modality (dynamic vs. static) and timing.
2023
Filippi, L.; Urso, L.; Frantellizzi, V.; Marzo, K.; Marzola, M. C.; Schillaci, O.; Evangelista, L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2530395
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