: The present study investigates the prognostic value of the Syntax Score II 2020 corrected for flow-limiting lesions and its ability to better address treatment by benefit prediction among patients with left main or multivessel disease. We analyzed 1274 patients from the HALE-BOPP cohort and integrated the Syntax Score II 2020 with the result of the fractional flow reserve (FFR) evaluation. Absolute risk difference (ARD) between surgical and percutaneous revascularization was calculated for anatomic and functional Syntax Score II 2020 predicted mortality. The ARD allowed to stratify the population into two large categories: "coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) better" with ARD ≥ 4.5% and "CABG-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) equipoise" with ARD < 4.5%. The mean global anatomical Syntax Score was 15.5 ± 9.2, whereas the functional one was 9.5 ± 10 (p < 0.01). Using the anatomic Syntax Score II 2020, 881 patients had a CABG-PCI equipoise. This number increased to 1041 after considering only flow-limiting lesions by FFR (p < 0.001); therefore, 40% of CABG better patients were reclassified within the CABG-PCI equipoise category. Kaplan-Maier curves showed similar actual survival rates for patients originally with CABG-PCI equipoise and those reclassified, in both cases higher than those from CABG better patients (p < 0.01). The integration between Syntax Score II 2020 and physiology is feasible, and merging clinical, anatomic and functional data allows for better risk prediction and therapeutic guidance.

Functional (Re)Development of SYNTAX Score II 2020: Predictive Performance and Risk Assessment

Scala, Antonella;Erriquez, Andrea;Verardi, Filippo Maria;Marrone, Andrea;Scollo, Ennio;Trichilo, Michele;Tebaldi, Matteo;Campo, Gianluca;Pavasini, Rita
;
Biscaglia, Simone
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

: The present study investigates the prognostic value of the Syntax Score II 2020 corrected for flow-limiting lesions and its ability to better address treatment by benefit prediction among patients with left main or multivessel disease. We analyzed 1274 patients from the HALE-BOPP cohort and integrated the Syntax Score II 2020 with the result of the fractional flow reserve (FFR) evaluation. Absolute risk difference (ARD) between surgical and percutaneous revascularization was calculated for anatomic and functional Syntax Score II 2020 predicted mortality. The ARD allowed to stratify the population into two large categories: "coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) better" with ARD ≥ 4.5% and "CABG-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) equipoise" with ARD < 4.5%. The mean global anatomical Syntax Score was 15.5 ± 9.2, whereas the functional one was 9.5 ± 10 (p < 0.01). Using the anatomic Syntax Score II 2020, 881 patients had a CABG-PCI equipoise. This number increased to 1041 after considering only flow-limiting lesions by FFR (p < 0.001); therefore, 40% of CABG better patients were reclassified within the CABG-PCI equipoise category. Kaplan-Maier curves showed similar actual survival rates for patients originally with CABG-PCI equipoise and those reclassified, in both cases higher than those from CABG better patients (p < 0.01). The integration between Syntax Score II 2020 and physiology is feasible, and merging clinical, anatomic and functional data allows for better risk prediction and therapeutic guidance.
2023
Scala, Antonella; Erriquez, Andrea; Verardi, Filippo Maria; Marrone, Andrea; Scollo, Ennio; Trichilo, Michele; Durante, Alessandro; Tedeschi, Delio; Cortese, Bernardo; Ielasi, Alfonso; Valentini, Giuliano; Tebaldi, Matteo; Campo, Gianluca; Pavasini, Rita; Biscaglia, Simone
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2529914
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