Background. Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide and there is a very short period of increased synaptic plasticity, fundamental in motor recovery. Thus, it is crucial to acquire data to guide the rehabilitation treatment. Promising results have been achieved with kinematics and neurophysiological data, but currently, few studies integrate these different modalities. Objectives. We explored the correlations between standardized clinical scales, kinematic data, and EEG measures 4 weeks after stroke. Methods. 26 patients were considered. Among them, 20 patients also performed the EEG study, beyond the kinematic analysis, at 4 weeks. Results. We found correlations between the Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremity, movement duration, smoothness measures, and velocity peaks. Moreover, EEG measures showed a tendency for the healthy hemisphere to vicariate the affected one in patients characterized by better clinical conditions. Conclusions. These results suggest the relevance of kinematic (in particular movement duration and smoothness) and EEG biomarkers to evaluate post-stroke recovery. We emphasize the importance of integrating clinical data with kinematic and EEG analyses from the early stroke stages, in order to guide rehabilitation strategies to best leverage the short period of increased synaptic plasticity.

A Multimodal Analysis to Explore Upper Limb Motor Recovery at 4 Weeks After Stroke: Insights From EEG and Kinematics Measures

Antonioni A.
Co-primo
;
Galluccio M.
Co-primo
;
Baroni A.;Fregna G.;Milani G.;Cosma M.;Casetta I.;De Vito A.;Basaglia N.;Straudi S.
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Background. Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide and there is a very short period of increased synaptic plasticity, fundamental in motor recovery. Thus, it is crucial to acquire data to guide the rehabilitation treatment. Promising results have been achieved with kinematics and neurophysiological data, but currently, few studies integrate these different modalities. Objectives. We explored the correlations between standardized clinical scales, kinematic data, and EEG measures 4 weeks after stroke. Methods. 26 patients were considered. Among them, 20 patients also performed the EEG study, beyond the kinematic analysis, at 4 weeks. Results. We found correlations between the Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremity, movement duration, smoothness measures, and velocity peaks. Moreover, EEG measures showed a tendency for the healthy hemisphere to vicariate the affected one in patients characterized by better clinical conditions. Conclusions. These results suggest the relevance of kinematic (in particular movement duration and smoothness) and EEG biomarkers to evaluate post-stroke recovery. We emphasize the importance of integrating clinical data with kinematic and EEG analyses from the early stroke stages, in order to guide rehabilitation strategies to best leverage the short period of increased synaptic plasticity.
2023
Antonioni, A.; Galluccio, M.; Toselli, R.; Baroni, A.; Fregna, G.; Schincaglia, N.; Milani, G.; Cosma, M.; Ferraresi, G.; Morelli, M.; Casetta, I.; De Vito, A.; Masiero, S.; Basaglia, N.; Malerba, P.; Severini, G.; Straudi, S.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2527570
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact