Background Pulmonary embolism (PE) is one of the most common causes of death from cardiovascular disease. Although deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is the leading cause of PE, its prognostic role is unclear. This study investigated the incidence and prognostic value of DVT in predicting in-hospital mortality (IHM) in patients admitted from the emergency department (ED) for PE.Methods This retrospective cohort study was conducted in the ED of a third-level university hospital. Patients over 18 years admitted for PE between 1 January 2018 and 31 December 2022 were included.Results Five hundred and thirty patients (mean age 73.13 years, 6% IHM) were included. 69.1% of cases had DVT (36.4% unilateral femoral vein, 3.6% bilateral, 39.1% unilateral popliteal vein, 2.8% bilateral, 45.7% distal vein thrombosis and 7.4% iliocaval involvement). Patients who died in hospital had a higher Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (PESI) (138.6 vs. 99.65, p < 0.001), European Society of Cardiology risk class (15.6% vs. 1%, intermediate-high in 50% vs. 6.4%, p < 0.001) and more DVT involving the iliac-caval vein axis (18.8% vs. 6.6%, p = 0.011). PESI class >II, right ventricular dysfunction, increased blood markers of myocardial damage and involvement of the iliocaval venous axis were independent predictors of IHM on multivariate analysis.Conclusions Although further studies are needed to confirm the prognostic role of DVT at PE, involvement of the iliocaval venous axis should considered to be a sign of a higher risk of IHM and may be a key factor in prognostic stratification.

Predicting in-hospital mortality in patients admitted from the emergency department for pulmonary embolism: Incidence and prognostic value of deep vein thrombosis. A retrospective study

Pagano, Teresa
Co-primo
;
Fabbri, Irma Sofia
Co-primo
;
Benedetto, Marcello
Secondo
;
D'Angelo, Luca;Galizia, Giorgio;Portoraro, Andrea;Guarino, Matteo;Perna, Benedetta;Passaro, Angelina;Cariani, Daniele;Spampinato, Michele Domenico
Penultimo
;
De Giorgio, Roberto
Ultimo
2024

Abstract

Background Pulmonary embolism (PE) is one of the most common causes of death from cardiovascular disease. Although deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is the leading cause of PE, its prognostic role is unclear. This study investigated the incidence and prognostic value of DVT in predicting in-hospital mortality (IHM) in patients admitted from the emergency department (ED) for PE.Methods This retrospective cohort study was conducted in the ED of a third-level university hospital. Patients over 18 years admitted for PE between 1 January 2018 and 31 December 2022 were included.Results Five hundred and thirty patients (mean age 73.13 years, 6% IHM) were included. 69.1% of cases had DVT (36.4% unilateral femoral vein, 3.6% bilateral, 39.1% unilateral popliteal vein, 2.8% bilateral, 45.7% distal vein thrombosis and 7.4% iliocaval involvement). Patients who died in hospital had a higher Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (PESI) (138.6 vs. 99.65, p < 0.001), European Society of Cardiology risk class (15.6% vs. 1%, intermediate-high in 50% vs. 6.4%, p < 0.001) and more DVT involving the iliac-caval vein axis (18.8% vs. 6.6%, p = 0.011). PESI class >II, right ventricular dysfunction, increased blood markers of myocardial damage and involvement of the iliocaval venous axis were independent predictors of IHM on multivariate analysis.Conclusions Although further studies are needed to confirm the prognostic role of DVT at PE, involvement of the iliocaval venous axis should considered to be a sign of a higher risk of IHM and may be a key factor in prognostic stratification.
2024
Pagano, Teresa; Fabbri, Irma Sofia; Benedetto, Marcello; D'Angelo, Luca; Galizia, Giorgio; Portoraro, Andrea; Guarino, Matteo; Perna, Benedetta; Passaro, Angelina; Cariani, Daniele; Spampinato, Michele Domenico; De Giorgio, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2526955
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