: Nuclear medicine (NM) is not commonly considered as a first-line imaging modality in hepato-biliary (HB) emergencies. The aim of this review is to provide an update on the potential of NM for the imaging of HB emergencies. 99mTc-HIDA scintigraphy showed high diagnostic accuracy for acute cholecystitis, thus being particularly useful in patients at high-risk for surgery due to comorbidities and with no clear findings at US or CT. Although limitedly explored, White blood cell (WBC) scan might have a role in case of acute pancreatitis, especially for the imaging of pancreatic leukocyte infiltration and the prediction of pancreatic necrosis. Scientific literature on 18F-FDG-PET/CT in HB acute disease mainly consists of case reports or case series, describing incidental findings in oncological PET/CT scans. In patients with obstructive jaundice, PET/CT has been proposed to disclose and characterize occult tumoral etiology. Further studies are needed to evaluate the clinical usefulness of the various NM approaches in HB acute settings, particularly with respect to the emerging new technologies (eg, PET/MRI) and radiopharmaceuticals.

Hepato-Biliary Imaging in an Acute Setting: Is There a Role for Nuclear Medicine?

Urso L.;
2023

Abstract

: Nuclear medicine (NM) is not commonly considered as a first-line imaging modality in hepato-biliary (HB) emergencies. The aim of this review is to provide an update on the potential of NM for the imaging of HB emergencies. 99mTc-HIDA scintigraphy showed high diagnostic accuracy for acute cholecystitis, thus being particularly useful in patients at high-risk for surgery due to comorbidities and with no clear findings at US or CT. Although limitedly explored, White blood cell (WBC) scan might have a role in case of acute pancreatitis, especially for the imaging of pancreatic leukocyte infiltration and the prediction of pancreatic necrosis. Scientific literature on 18F-FDG-PET/CT in HB acute disease mainly consists of case reports or case series, describing incidental findings in oncological PET/CT scans. In patients with obstructive jaundice, PET/CT has been proposed to disclose and characterize occult tumoral etiology. Further studies are needed to evaluate the clinical usefulness of the various NM approaches in HB acute settings, particularly with respect to the emerging new technologies (eg, PET/MRI) and radiopharmaceuticals.
2023
Filippi, L.; Urso, L.; Schillaci, O.; Evangelista, L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2526370
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