Purpose: To test the agreement of the Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) and the Tilburg Frailty Indicator (TFI), their association with 3, 6 months and 1-year mortality and the trajectory of frailty in a mixed population of ICU survivors. Material and methods: This is a prospective, multicenter, longitudinal study on ICU survivors ≥18 years old with an ICU stay >72 h. For each patient, sociodemographic and clinical data were collected. Frailty was assessed during ICU stay and at 3, 6, 12 months after ICU discharge, through both CFS and TFI. Results: 124 patients with a mean age of 66 years old were enrolled. The baseline prevalence of frailty was 15.3% by CFS and 44.4% by TFI. Baseline CFS and TFI correlated but showed low agreement (Cohen's K = 0.23, p < 0.001). Baseline CFS score, but not TFI, was significantly associated to 1 year mortality. Moreover, CFS score during the follow-up was independently associated 1-year mortality (OR = 1.43; 95% CI: 1.18-1.73). Conclusions: CFS and TFI identify different populations of frail ICU survivors. Frail patients before ICU according to CFS have a significantly higher mortality after ICU discharge. The CFS during follow-up is an independent negative prognostic factor of long-term mortality in the ICU population.

Frailty trajectories in ICU survivors: A comparison between the clinical frailty scale and the Tilburg frailty Indicator and association with 1 year mortality

Remelli, Francesca
Co-primo
;
Scaramuzzo, Gaetano
Co-primo
;
Capuzzo, Maurizia;Maietti, Elisa;Berselli, Angela;Denti, Marianna;Zani, Gianluca;Squadrani, Eleonora;La Rosa, Riccardo;Volta, Carlo Alberto;Volpato, Stefano
Penultimo
;
Spadaro, Savino
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Purpose: To test the agreement of the Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) and the Tilburg Frailty Indicator (TFI), their association with 3, 6 months and 1-year mortality and the trajectory of frailty in a mixed population of ICU survivors. Material and methods: This is a prospective, multicenter, longitudinal study on ICU survivors ≥18 years old with an ICU stay >72 h. For each patient, sociodemographic and clinical data were collected. Frailty was assessed during ICU stay and at 3, 6, 12 months after ICU discharge, through both CFS and TFI. Results: 124 patients with a mean age of 66 years old were enrolled. The baseline prevalence of frailty was 15.3% by CFS and 44.4% by TFI. Baseline CFS and TFI correlated but showed low agreement (Cohen's K = 0.23, p < 0.001). Baseline CFS score, but not TFI, was significantly associated to 1 year mortality. Moreover, CFS score during the follow-up was independently associated 1-year mortality (OR = 1.43; 95% CI: 1.18-1.73). Conclusions: CFS and TFI identify different populations of frail ICU survivors. Frail patients before ICU according to CFS have a significantly higher mortality after ICU discharge. The CFS during follow-up is an independent negative prognostic factor of long-term mortality in the ICU population.
2023
Remelli, Francesca; Scaramuzzo, Gaetano; Capuzzo, Maurizia; Maietti, Elisa; Berselli, Angela; Denti, Marianna; Zani, Gianluca; Squadrani, Eleonora; La Rosa, Riccardo; Volta, Carlo Alberto; Volpato, Stefano; Spadaro, Savino
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2519410
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