Aim: To assess the role of baseline 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose ([18F]FDG)-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in predicting response to immunotherapy after 6 months and overall survival (OS) in patients with lung cancer (LC) or malignant melanoma (MM).Methods: Data from a multicenter, retrospective study conducted between March and November 2021 were analyzed. Patients >18 years old with a confirmed diagnosis of LC or MM, who underwent a baseline [18F]FDG-PET/CT within 1-2 months before starting immunotherapy and had a follow-up of at least 12 months were included. PET scans were examined visually and semiquantitatively by physicians at peripheral centers. The metabolic tumor burden (number of lesions with [18F]FDG-uptake) and other parameters were recorded. Clinical response was assessed at 3 and 6 months after starting immunotherapy, and OS was calculated as the time elapsing between the PET scan and death or latest follow-up.Results: The study concerned 177 patients with LC and 101 with MM. Baseline PET/CT was positive in primary or local recurrent lesions in 78.5% and 9.9% of cases, in local/distant lymph nodes in 71.8% and 36.6%, in distant metastases in 58.8% and 84%, respectively, in LC and in MM patients. Among patients with LC, [18F]FDG-uptake in primary/recurrent lung lesions was more often associated with no clinical response to immunotherapy after 6 months than in cases without any tracer uptake. After a mean 21 months, 46.5% of patients with LC and 37.1% with MM had died. A significant correlation emerged between the site/number of [18F]FDG foci and death among patients with LC, but not among those with MM.Conclusions: In patients with LC who are candidates for immunotherapy, baseline [18F]FDG-PET/CT can help to predict response to this therapy after 6 months, and to identify those with a poor prognosis based on their metabolic parameters. For patients with MM, there was only a weak correlation between baseline PET/CT parameters, response to therapy, and survival.

Can Baseline [18F]FDG PET/CT Predict Response to Immunotherapy After 6 Months and Overall Survival in Patients with Lung Cancer or Malignant Melanoma? A Multicenter Retrospective Study

Urso L.;Bartolomei M.;
2023

Abstract

Aim: To assess the role of baseline 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose ([18F]FDG)-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in predicting response to immunotherapy after 6 months and overall survival (OS) in patients with lung cancer (LC) or malignant melanoma (MM).Methods: Data from a multicenter, retrospective study conducted between March and November 2021 were analyzed. Patients >18 years old with a confirmed diagnosis of LC or MM, who underwent a baseline [18F]FDG-PET/CT within 1-2 months before starting immunotherapy and had a follow-up of at least 12 months were included. PET scans were examined visually and semiquantitatively by physicians at peripheral centers. The metabolic tumor burden (number of lesions with [18F]FDG-uptake) and other parameters were recorded. Clinical response was assessed at 3 and 6 months after starting immunotherapy, and OS was calculated as the time elapsing between the PET scan and death or latest follow-up.Results: The study concerned 177 patients with LC and 101 with MM. Baseline PET/CT was positive in primary or local recurrent lesions in 78.5% and 9.9% of cases, in local/distant lymph nodes in 71.8% and 36.6%, in distant metastases in 58.8% and 84%, respectively, in LC and in MM patients. Among patients with LC, [18F]FDG-uptake in primary/recurrent lung lesions was more often associated with no clinical response to immunotherapy after 6 months than in cases without any tracer uptake. After a mean 21 months, 46.5% of patients with LC and 37.1% with MM had died. A significant correlation emerged between the site/number of [18F]FDG foci and death among patients with LC, but not among those with MM.Conclusions: In patients with LC who are candidates for immunotherapy, baseline [18F]FDG-PET/CT can help to predict response to this therapy after 6 months, and to identify those with a poor prognosis based on their metabolic parameters. For patients with MM, there was only a weak correlation between baseline PET/CT parameters, response to therapy, and survival.
2023
Bianchi, A.; De Rimini, M. L.; Sciuto, R.; Annovazzi, A.; Di Traglia, S.; Bauckneht, M.; Lanfranchi, F.; Morbelli, S.; Nappi, A. G.; Ferrari, C.; Rubini, G.; Panareo, S.; Urso, L.; Bartolomei, M.; D'Arienzo, D.; Valente, T.; Rossetti, V.; Caroli, P.; Matteucci, F.; Arico, D.; Bombaci, M.; Caponnetto, D.; Bertagna, F.; Albano, D.; Dondi, F.; Gusella, S.; Spimpolo, A.; Carriere, C.; Balma, M.; Buschiazzo, A.; Gallicchio, R.; Storto, G.; Ruffini, L.; Scarlattei, M.; Baldari, G.; Cervino, A. R.; Cuppari, L.; Burei, M.; Trifiro, G.; Brugola, E.; Zanini, C. A.; Alessi, A.; Fuoco, V.; Seregni, E.; Deandreis, D.; Liberini, V.; Moreci, A. M.; Ialuna, S.; Pulizzi, S.; Evangelista, L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2511231
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