Purpose The aim of the present study was to explore the prognostic role of 2- deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose PET (FDG PET)/CT in recurrent luminal A and luminal B breast cancer. Materials and methods From two institutional databases, we retrospectively retrieved data about breast cancer patients undergoing FDG PET/CT between 2011 and 2018 for the assessment of recurrency. Molecular subtypes of breast cancer were defined based on the expression of estrogen, progesterone, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-b receptors and proliferation index. Overall survival (OS, intended as the time from PET/CT and the time of death) was registered for each patient, by checking the medical charts. Parametric and survival analyses were computed. Results Data of 179 patients were retrieved. Sixty-three patients had luminal A, 88 luminal B and 28 luminal B/He breast cancer. At the time of PET/CT scan, cancer antigen (CA) 15.3 levels was within the normal range in 119 patients, whereas it was increased in 60 patients. FDG PET/CT results were suggestive for disease recurrence in 114 (63.7%) patients. The median time lapse from the FDG PET/CT scan to the last clinical follow-up visit was 51 months (1-192 months). Patients with evidence of a PET/CT scan suggestive for disease recurrence showed a significantly shorter OS (P < 0.001) compared to patients with no PET/CT evidence of recurrence, in each subset of luminal breast cancer. Moreover, PET/CT was able to stratify the prognosis of patients independently from the level of tumor marker. Conclusion These data suggest that FDG PET/CT may be an attractive prognostic tool in recurrent breast cancer. Our study supports its prognostic role both in luminal A and B-type molecular subtypes, regardless of the CA 15.3 levels.

Impact on the long-term prognosis of FDG PET/CT in luminal-A and luminal-B breast cancer

Urso L.
Co-primo
;
Caracciolo M.;Schirone A.;Frassoldati A.;Bartolomei M.
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Purpose The aim of the present study was to explore the prognostic role of 2- deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose PET (FDG PET)/CT in recurrent luminal A and luminal B breast cancer. Materials and methods From two institutional databases, we retrospectively retrieved data about breast cancer patients undergoing FDG PET/CT between 2011 and 2018 for the assessment of recurrency. Molecular subtypes of breast cancer were defined based on the expression of estrogen, progesterone, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-b receptors and proliferation index. Overall survival (OS, intended as the time from PET/CT and the time of death) was registered for each patient, by checking the medical charts. Parametric and survival analyses were computed. Results Data of 179 patients were retrieved. Sixty-three patients had luminal A, 88 luminal B and 28 luminal B/He breast cancer. At the time of PET/CT scan, cancer antigen (CA) 15.3 levels was within the normal range in 119 patients, whereas it was increased in 60 patients. FDG PET/CT results were suggestive for disease recurrence in 114 (63.7%) patients. The median time lapse from the FDG PET/CT scan to the last clinical follow-up visit was 51 months (1-192 months). Patients with evidence of a PET/CT scan suggestive for disease recurrence showed a significantly shorter OS (P < 0.001) compared to patients with no PET/CT evidence of recurrence, in each subset of luminal breast cancer. Moreover, PET/CT was able to stratify the prognosis of patients independently from the level of tumor marker. Conclusion These data suggest that FDG PET/CT may be an attractive prognostic tool in recurrent breast cancer. Our study supports its prognostic role both in luminal A and B-type molecular subtypes, regardless of the CA 15.3 levels.
2022
Urso, L.; Quartuccio, N.; Caracciolo, M.; Evangelista, L.; Schirone, A.; Frassoldati, A.; Arnone, G.; Panareo, S.; Bartolomei, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2509472
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