: Exposure of human lung epithelial cells (A549 cell line) to the oxidant pollutant ozone (O3) alters cell membrane currents inducing its decrease, when the cell undergoes to a voltage-clamp protocol ranging from -90 to +70mV. The membrane potential of these cells is mainly maintained by the interplay of potassium and chloride currents. Our previous studies indicated the ability of O3 to activate ORCC (Outward Rectifier Chloride Channel) and consequently increases the chloride current. In this paper our aim was to understand the response of potassium current to oxidative stress challenge and to identify the kind potassium channel involved in O3 induced current changes. After measuring the total membrane current using an intracellular solution with or without potassium ions, we obtained the contribution of potassium to the overall membrane current in control condition by a mathematical approach. Repeating these experiments after O3 treatment we observed a significant decrease of Ipotassium. Treatment of the cells with Iberiotoxin (IbTx), a specific inhibitor of BK channel, we were able to verify the presence and the functionality of BK channels. In addition, the administration of 4-Aminopyridine (an inhibitor of voltage dependent K channels but not BK channels) and Tetraethylammonium (TEA) before and after O3 treatment we observed the formation of BK oxidative post-translation modifications. Our data suggest that O3 is able to inhibit potassium current by targeting BK channel. Further studies are needed to better clarify the role of this BK channel and its interplay with the other membrane channels under oxidative stress conditions. These findings can contribute to identify the biomolecular pathway induced by O3 allowing a possible pharmacological intervention against oxidative stress damage in lung tissue.

The role of potassium current in the pulmonary response to environmental oxidative stress

Canella, Rita
Primo
;
Benedusi, Mascia;Vallese, Andrea;Pecorelli, Alessandra;Guiotto, Anna;Ferrara, Francesca;Rispoli, Giorgio;Cervellati, Franco;Valacchi, Giuseppe
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

: Exposure of human lung epithelial cells (A549 cell line) to the oxidant pollutant ozone (O3) alters cell membrane currents inducing its decrease, when the cell undergoes to a voltage-clamp protocol ranging from -90 to +70mV. The membrane potential of these cells is mainly maintained by the interplay of potassium and chloride currents. Our previous studies indicated the ability of O3 to activate ORCC (Outward Rectifier Chloride Channel) and consequently increases the chloride current. In this paper our aim was to understand the response of potassium current to oxidative stress challenge and to identify the kind potassium channel involved in O3 induced current changes. After measuring the total membrane current using an intracellular solution with or without potassium ions, we obtained the contribution of potassium to the overall membrane current in control condition by a mathematical approach. Repeating these experiments after O3 treatment we observed a significant decrease of Ipotassium. Treatment of the cells with Iberiotoxin (IbTx), a specific inhibitor of BK channel, we were able to verify the presence and the functionality of BK channels. In addition, the administration of 4-Aminopyridine (an inhibitor of voltage dependent K channels but not BK channels) and Tetraethylammonium (TEA) before and after O3 treatment we observed the formation of BK oxidative post-translation modifications. Our data suggest that O3 is able to inhibit potassium current by targeting BK channel. Further studies are needed to better clarify the role of this BK channel and its interplay with the other membrane channels under oxidative stress conditions. These findings can contribute to identify the biomolecular pathway induced by O3 allowing a possible pharmacological intervention against oxidative stress damage in lung tissue.
2023
Canella, Rita; Benedusi, Mascia; Vallese, Andrea; Pecorelli, Alessandra; Guiotto, Anna; Ferrara, Francesca; Rispoli, Giorgio; Cervellati, Franco; Valacchi, Giuseppe
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2506377
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