Background: The incidence of traumatic acute subdural hematomas (ASDH) in the elderly is increasing. Despite surgical evacuation, these patients have poor survival and low rate of functional outcome, and surgical timing plays no clear role as a predictor. We investigated whether the timing of surgery had a major role in influencing the outcome in these patients. Methods: We retrospectively retrieved clinical and radiological data of all patients >= 70 years operated on for post-traumatic ASDH in a 3 year period in five Italian hospitals. Patients were divided into three surgical timing groups from hospital arrival: ultra-early (within 6 h); early (6-24 h); and delayed (after 24 h). Outcome was measured at discharge using two endpoints: survival (alive/dead) and functional outcome at the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS). Univariate and multivariate predictor models were constructed. Results: We included 136 patients. About 33% died as a result of the consequences of ASDH and among the survivors, only 24% were in good functional outcome at discharge. Surgical timing groups appeared different according to presenting the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GCS), which was on average lower in the ultra-early surgery group, and radiological findings, which appeared worse in the same group. Delayed surgery was more frequent in patients with subacute clinical deterioration. Surgical timing appeared to be neither associated with survival nor with functional outcome, also after stratification for preoperative GCS. Preoperative midline shift was the strongest outcome predictor. Conclusions: An earlier surgery was offered to patients with worse clinical-radiological findings. Additionally, after stratification for GCS, it was not associated with better outcome. Among the radiological markers, preoperative midline shift was the strongest outcome predictor.

Does the Timing of the Surgery Have a Major Role in Influencing the Outcome in Elders with Acute Subdural Hematomas?

Scerrati, Alba
Secondo
;
De Bonis, Pasquale;
2022

Abstract

Background: The incidence of traumatic acute subdural hematomas (ASDH) in the elderly is increasing. Despite surgical evacuation, these patients have poor survival and low rate of functional outcome, and surgical timing plays no clear role as a predictor. We investigated whether the timing of surgery had a major role in influencing the outcome in these patients. Methods: We retrospectively retrieved clinical and radiological data of all patients >= 70 years operated on for post-traumatic ASDH in a 3 year period in five Italian hospitals. Patients were divided into three surgical timing groups from hospital arrival: ultra-early (within 6 h); early (6-24 h); and delayed (after 24 h). Outcome was measured at discharge using two endpoints: survival (alive/dead) and functional outcome at the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS). Univariate and multivariate predictor models were constructed. Results: We included 136 patients. About 33% died as a result of the consequences of ASDH and among the survivors, only 24% were in good functional outcome at discharge. Surgical timing groups appeared different according to presenting the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GCS), which was on average lower in the ultra-early surgery group, and radiological findings, which appeared worse in the same group. Delayed surgery was more frequent in patients with subacute clinical deterioration. Surgical timing appeared to be neither associated with survival nor with functional outcome, also after stratification for preoperative GCS. Preoperative midline shift was the strongest outcome predictor. Conclusions: An earlier surgery was offered to patients with worse clinical-radiological findings. Additionally, after stratification for GCS, it was not associated with better outcome. Among the radiological markers, preoperative midline shift was the strongest outcome predictor.
2022
Trevisi, Gianluca; Scerrati, Alba; Rustemi, Oriela; Ricciardi, Luca; Ius, Tamara; Auricchio, Anna Maria; De Bonis, Pasquale; Albanese, Alessio; Mangiola, Annunziato; Maugeri, Rosario; Nicolosi, Federico; Sturiale, Carmelo Lucio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2500200
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