Microvascular Doppler (MicroV) is a new-generation Doppler technique developed by Esaote (Esaote s.p.a., Genova, Italy), which is able to visualize small and low-flow vessels through a suppression of interfering signals. MicroV uses advanced filters that are able to differentiate tissue artifacts from low-speed blood flows; by exploiting the space–time coherence information, these filters can selectively suppress tissue components, preserving the signal coming from the microvascular flow. This technique is clinically applied to the study of the vascularization of parenchymatous lesions, often with better diagnostic accuracy than color/power Doppler techniques. The aim of this paper is to develop a reproducible protocol for the recording and collection of MicroV intraoperative ultrasound images by the use of a capable intraoperative ultrasound machine and post-processing aimed at evaluation of brain-tumor microvascularization through the analysis of radiomic features. The proposed protocol has been internally validated on eight patients and will be firstly applied to patients affected by WHO grade IV astrocytoma (glioblastoma—GBM) candidates for craniotomy and lesion removal. In a further stage, it will be generally applied to patients with primary or metastatic brain tumors. IOUS is performed before durotomy. Tumor microvascularization is evaluated using the MicroV Doppler technique and IOUS images are recorded, stored, and post-processed. IOUS images are remotely stored on the BraTIoUS database, which will promote international cooperation and multicentric analysis. Processed images and texture radiomic features are analyzed post-operatively using ImageJ, a free scientific image-analysis software based on the Sun-Java platform. Post-processing protocol is further described in-depth. The study of tumor microvascularization through advanced IOUS techniques such as MicroV could represent, in the future, a non-invasive and real-time method for intraoperative predictive evaluation of the tumor features. This evaluation could finally result in a deeper knowledge of brain-tumor behavior and in the on-going adaptation of the surgery with the improvement of surgical outcomes.

Intraoperative Evaluation of Brain-Tumor Microvascularization through MicroV IOUS: A Protocol for Image Acquisition and Analysis of Radiomic Features

Scerrati, Alba;Mantovani, Giorgio;
2022

Abstract

Microvascular Doppler (MicroV) is a new-generation Doppler technique developed by Esaote (Esaote s.p.a., Genova, Italy), which is able to visualize small and low-flow vessels through a suppression of interfering signals. MicroV uses advanced filters that are able to differentiate tissue artifacts from low-speed blood flows; by exploiting the space–time coherence information, these filters can selectively suppress tissue components, preserving the signal coming from the microvascular flow. This technique is clinically applied to the study of the vascularization of parenchymatous lesions, often with better diagnostic accuracy than color/power Doppler techniques. The aim of this paper is to develop a reproducible protocol for the recording and collection of MicroV intraoperative ultrasound images by the use of a capable intraoperative ultrasound machine and post-processing aimed at evaluation of brain-tumor microvascularization through the analysis of radiomic features. The proposed protocol has been internally validated on eight patients and will be firstly applied to patients affected by WHO grade IV astrocytoma (glioblastoma—GBM) candidates for craniotomy and lesion removal. In a further stage, it will be generally applied to patients with primary or metastatic brain tumors. IOUS is performed before durotomy. Tumor microvascularization is evaluated using the MicroV Doppler technique and IOUS images are recorded, stored, and post-processed. IOUS images are remotely stored on the BraTIoUS database, which will promote international cooperation and multicentric analysis. Processed images and texture radiomic features are analyzed post-operatively using ImageJ, a free scientific image-analysis software based on the Sun-Java platform. Post-processing protocol is further described in-depth. The study of tumor microvascularization through advanced IOUS techniques such as MicroV could represent, in the future, a non-invasive and real-time method for intraoperative predictive evaluation of the tumor features. This evaluation could finally result in a deeper knowledge of brain-tumor behavior and in the on-going adaptation of the surgery with the improvement of surgical outcomes.
2022
Giammalva, Giuseppe Roberto; Viola, Anna; Maugeri, Rosario; Giardina, Kevin; Di Bonaventura, Rina; Musso, Sofia; Brunasso, Lara; Cepeda, Santiago; Della Pepa, Giuseppe Maria; Scerrati, Alba; Mantovani, Giorgio; Ferini, Gianluca; Gerardi, Rosa Maria; Pino, Maria Angela; Umana, Giuseppe Emmanuele; Denaro, Luca; Albanese, Alessio; Iacopino, Domenico Gerardo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2500199
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