An iridium-catalyzed reductive generation of both stabilized and unstabilized azomethine ylides and their application to functionalized pyrrolidine synthesis via [3 + 2] dipolar cycloaddition reactions is described. Proceeding under mild reaction conditions from both amide and lactam precursors possessing a suitably positioned electron-withdrawing or a trimethylsilyl group, using 1 mol% Vaska's complex [IrCl(CO)(PPh3)2] and tetramethyldisiloxane (TMDS) as a terminal reductant, a broad range of (un)stabilized azomethine ylides were accessible. Subsequent regio- and diastereoselective, inter- and intramolecular dipolar cycloaddition reactions with variously substituted electron-deficient alkenes enabled ready and efficient access to structurally complex pyrrolidine architectures. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations of the dipolar cycloaddition reactions uncovered an intimate balance between asynchronicity and interaction energies of transition structures, which ultimately control the unusual selectivities observed in certain cases.

General Pyrrolidine Synthesis via Iridium-Catalyzed Reductive Azomethine Ylide Generation from Tertiary Amides and Lactams

Graziano Di Carmine;
2021

Abstract

An iridium-catalyzed reductive generation of both stabilized and unstabilized azomethine ylides and their application to functionalized pyrrolidine synthesis via [3 + 2] dipolar cycloaddition reactions is described. Proceeding under mild reaction conditions from both amide and lactam precursors possessing a suitably positioned electron-withdrawing or a trimethylsilyl group, using 1 mol% Vaska's complex [IrCl(CO)(PPh3)2] and tetramethyldisiloxane (TMDS) as a terminal reductant, a broad range of (un)stabilized azomethine ylides were accessible. Subsequent regio- and diastereoselective, inter- and intramolecular dipolar cycloaddition reactions with variously substituted electron-deficient alkenes enabled ready and efficient access to structurally complex pyrrolidine architectures. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations of the dipolar cycloaddition reactions uncovered an intimate balance between asynchronicity and interaction energies of transition structures, which ultimately control the unusual selectivities observed in certain cases.
2021
Yamazaki, Ken; Gabriel, Pablo; DI CARMINE, Graziano; Pedroni, Julia; Farizyan, Mirxan; Hamlin, Trevor A.; Dixon, Darren J.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2499321
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