The purpose of the study is to systematically evaluate the evidence regarding the role of [68Ga]PSMA PET/CT for clinical suspicions of prostate cancer in patients with or without previous negative biopsy. We performed a critical review of PubMed and Web of Science according to the PRISMA statement. Eighteen publications were selected for inclusion in this analysis. QUADAS-2 evaluation was adopted for quality analyses. [68Ga]PSMA-11 was the radiotracer of choice in 15 studies, while [68Ga]PSMA-617 was used in another 3. In 8 articles, there was a direct comparison with mpMRI. The total number of patients included was 1379, ranging from 15 to 291, with a median age of 64 years (range: 42–90). The median baseline PSA value was 12.9 ng/mL, ranging from 0.85 to 4156 ng/mL. Some studies evaluated the PSMA uptake comparing the SUVmax of suspicious lesions with the SUVmax of the normal biodistribution to find out optimal cut-off points. In addition, some studies suggested a significant association between PSA levels, PSA density, and [68Ga]PSMA PET/CT finding. [68Ga]PSMA PET/CT seems to be more accurate in identifying primary prostate cancer with PSA values between 4 and 20 ng/mL than mpMRI. Moreover, in some trials, the combination of PSMA PET/CT and MRI improved the NPV in the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa) than MRI alone. Our findings are limited by the small numbers of studies and patient heterogeneity. [68Ga]PSMA PET/CT is a promising technique in patients with clinical suspicion of PCa and precedent negative biopsy or contraindications to MRI. Furthermore, its use combined with MRI improves sensitivity for csPCa detection and can avoid unnecessary biopsies.

The Role of [68Ga]PSMA PET/CT for Clinical Suspicion of Prostate Cancer in Patients with or without Previous Negative Biopsy: A Systematic Review

Caracciolo M.
Primo
;
Urso L.;Borgia F.;Ortolan N.;Uccelli L.;Cittanti C.;Bartolomei M.;Lazzeri M.;
2022

Abstract

The purpose of the study is to systematically evaluate the evidence regarding the role of [68Ga]PSMA PET/CT for clinical suspicions of prostate cancer in patients with or without previous negative biopsy. We performed a critical review of PubMed and Web of Science according to the PRISMA statement. Eighteen publications were selected for inclusion in this analysis. QUADAS-2 evaluation was adopted for quality analyses. [68Ga]PSMA-11 was the radiotracer of choice in 15 studies, while [68Ga]PSMA-617 was used in another 3. In 8 articles, there was a direct comparison with mpMRI. The total number of patients included was 1379, ranging from 15 to 291, with a median age of 64 years (range: 42–90). The median baseline PSA value was 12.9 ng/mL, ranging from 0.85 to 4156 ng/mL. Some studies evaluated the PSMA uptake comparing the SUVmax of suspicious lesions with the SUVmax of the normal biodistribution to find out optimal cut-off points. In addition, some studies suggested a significant association between PSA levels, PSA density, and [68Ga]PSMA PET/CT finding. [68Ga]PSMA PET/CT seems to be more accurate in identifying primary prostate cancer with PSA values between 4 and 20 ng/mL than mpMRI. Moreover, in some trials, the combination of PSMA PET/CT and MRI improved the NPV in the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa) than MRI alone. Our findings are limited by the small numbers of studies and patient heterogeneity. [68Ga]PSMA PET/CT is a promising technique in patients with clinical suspicion of PCa and precedent negative biopsy or contraindications to MRI. Furthermore, its use combined with MRI improves sensitivity for csPCa detection and can avoid unnecessary biopsies.
2022
Caracciolo, M.; Castello, A.; Urso, L.; Borgia, F.; Ortolan, N.; Uccelli, L.; Cittanti, C.; Castellani, M.; Bartolomei, M.; Lazzeri, M.; Lopci, E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2497085
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