Introduction: Hidradenitis Suppurativa (HS) often causes severe impairment of the quality of life of patients affected, as it is characterized by recurrent relapses of inflammation and predisposes to retractive scars, with severe alteration of anatomy of the affected regions. Adalimumab is currently the only approved long-term biological therapy for this disease. Material and method: We retrospectively review the data of HS patients treated with Adalimumab at the ‘Hidradenitis Suppurativa Clinic’, University of Ferrara, Italy since the drug was first available to October 2020. The aim is to describe our real-life experience in a clinical outpatient service. We assessed the main demographic features, therapy duration, reasons of suspension and efficacy (evaluated by HiSCR–Hidradenitis Score) in relation to surgical procedures, hospitalization, number of areas involved by the disease and BMI > 30. We also assessed the aspects related to the use of adalimumab’s biosimilar. Results: Data on 76 patients, with a mean age of 38.26 ± 14.74 years and mean BMI 28.10 ± 5.92 were collected. Most of the treated patients had Hurley stage III (58/76); mean Sartorius score was 115.5 ± 55.86, mean IHS4 was 76.1 ± 44.3. A statistically significant correlation between hospitalization and cessation of adalimumab, the loss of the achievement of the HiSCR, and surgery was found. No need to do surgery was a protective factor against the failure of adalimumab treatment, meaning that the most severe cases are more likely to fail the biological therapy. Conclusion: New scenarios are opening up in clinical practice: the arrival of biosimilars allow greater sustainability of expenditure, while the anti-IL17 allow the patient who has failed therapy with adalimumab a valid and safe therapeutic option to be undertaken. A comprehensive care including hospitalization, a specific antibiotic therapy and surgical treatment is often mandatory to achieve a satisfactory control of the disease.

Seven years-experience of adalimumab therapy for Hidradenitis Suppurativa in a real-life dermatologic setting

Odorici G.
Primo
;
Pacetti L.;Schettini N.;Zedde P.;Corazza M.
Penultimo
;
Bettoli V.
2021

Abstract

Introduction: Hidradenitis Suppurativa (HS) often causes severe impairment of the quality of life of patients affected, as it is characterized by recurrent relapses of inflammation and predisposes to retractive scars, with severe alteration of anatomy of the affected regions. Adalimumab is currently the only approved long-term biological therapy for this disease. Material and method: We retrospectively review the data of HS patients treated with Adalimumab at the ‘Hidradenitis Suppurativa Clinic’, University of Ferrara, Italy since the drug was first available to October 2020. The aim is to describe our real-life experience in a clinical outpatient service. We assessed the main demographic features, therapy duration, reasons of suspension and efficacy (evaluated by HiSCR–Hidradenitis Score) in relation to surgical procedures, hospitalization, number of areas involved by the disease and BMI > 30. We also assessed the aspects related to the use of adalimumab’s biosimilar. Results: Data on 76 patients, with a mean age of 38.26 ± 14.74 years and mean BMI 28.10 ± 5.92 were collected. Most of the treated patients had Hurley stage III (58/76); mean Sartorius score was 115.5 ± 55.86, mean IHS4 was 76.1 ± 44.3. A statistically significant correlation between hospitalization and cessation of adalimumab, the loss of the achievement of the HiSCR, and surgery was found. No need to do surgery was a protective factor against the failure of adalimumab treatment, meaning that the most severe cases are more likely to fail the biological therapy. Conclusion: New scenarios are opening up in clinical practice: the arrival of biosimilars allow greater sustainability of expenditure, while the anti-IL17 allow the patient who has failed therapy with adalimumab a valid and safe therapeutic option to be undertaken. A comprehensive care including hospitalization, a specific antibiotic therapy and surgical treatment is often mandatory to achieve a satisfactory control of the disease.
Odorici, G.; Pacetti, L.; Forconi, R.; Schettini, N.; Zedde, P.; Corazza, M.; Bettoli, V.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2496494
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