Blood to skin recirculation could play a role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. To investigate this possibility we dissected the phenotype of circulating T cells in psoriasis patients, calculated the correlation the clinical parameters of the disease and performed a parallel bioinformatics analysis of gene expression data in psoriatic skin. We found that circulating CCR6+ CD4+ TEM and TEFF cells significantly correlated with systemic inflammation. Conversely, the percentage of CXCR3+ CD4+ TEM cells negatively correlated with the severity of the cutaneous disease. Importantly CLA+ CD4+ TCM cells expressing CCR6+ or CCR4+ CXCR3+ negatively correlated with psoriasis severity suggesting recruitment to the skin compartment. This assumption was reinforced by gene expression data showing marked increase of CCR7 and CLA-encoding gene SELPLG expression in psoriatic skin and strong association of their expression. The data enlightens a role for CD4+ T cells trafficking between blood and skin in cutaneous and systemic manifestations of psoriasis.

Blood to skin recirculation of CD4+ memory T cells associates with cutaneous and systemic manifestations of psoriatic disease

Marco, Galasso;Stefano, Volinia;Eva, Reali
Ultimo
2017

Abstract

Blood to skin recirculation could play a role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. To investigate this possibility we dissected the phenotype of circulating T cells in psoriasis patients, calculated the correlation the clinical parameters of the disease and performed a parallel bioinformatics analysis of gene expression data in psoriatic skin. We found that circulating CCR6+ CD4+ TEM and TEFF cells significantly correlated with systemic inflammation. Conversely, the percentage of CXCR3+ CD4+ TEM cells negatively correlated with the severity of the cutaneous disease. Importantly CLA+ CD4+ TCM cells expressing CCR6+ or CCR4+ CXCR3+ negatively correlated with psoriasis severity suggesting recruitment to the skin compartment. This assumption was reinforced by gene expression data showing marked increase of CCR7 and CLA-encoding gene SELPLG expression in psoriatic skin and strong association of their expression. The data enlightens a role for CD4+ T cells trafficking between blood and skin in cutaneous and systemic manifestations of psoriasis.
Diani, Marco; Galasso, Marco; Cozzi, Chiara; Sgambelluri, Francesco; Altomare, Andrea; Cigni, Clara; Frigerio, Elena; Drago, Lorenzo; Volinia, Stefano; Granucci, Francesca; Altomare, Gianfranco; Reali, Eva
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2495885
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