We present the best 265 sampled R-band light curves of spectroscopically identified Type Ia supernovae (SNe) from the Palomar Transient Factory (PTF; 2009-2012) survey and the intermediate Palomar Transient Factory (iPTF; 2013-2017). A model-independent light-curve template is built from our data-set with the purpose to investigate average properties and diversity in our sample. We searched for multiple populations in the light-curve properties using machine learning tools. We also utilized the long history of our light curves, up to 4000 days, to exclude any significant pre- or post- supernova flares. From the shapes of light curves we found the average rise time in the R band to be 16.8+0.5-0.6 days. Although PTF/iPTF were single-band surveys, by modelling the residuals of the SNe in the Hubble-Lemaître diagram, we estimate the average colour excess of our sample to be E(B - V)‰ ≈ 0.05(2) mag and thus the mean corrected peak brightness to be M R = -19.02 ± 0.02 +5 log (H0[km, s-1 Mpc-1]/70) mag with only weak dependennce on light-curve shape. The intrinsic scatter is found to be σ R = 0.186 ± 0.033 mag for the redshift range 0.05 < z < 0.1, without colour corrections of individual SNe. Our analysis shows that Malmquist bias becomes very significant at z = 0.13. A similar limitation is expected for the ongoing Zwicky Transient Facility (ZTF) survey using the same telescope, but new camera expressly designed for ZTF.

R-band light-curve properties of Type Ia supernovae from the (intermediate) Palomar Transient Factory

Bulla M;
2019

Abstract

We present the best 265 sampled R-band light curves of spectroscopically identified Type Ia supernovae (SNe) from the Palomar Transient Factory (PTF; 2009-2012) survey and the intermediate Palomar Transient Factory (iPTF; 2013-2017). A model-independent light-curve template is built from our data-set with the purpose to investigate average properties and diversity in our sample. We searched for multiple populations in the light-curve properties using machine learning tools. We also utilized the long history of our light curves, up to 4000 days, to exclude any significant pre- or post- supernova flares. From the shapes of light curves we found the average rise time in the R band to be 16.8+0.5-0.6 days. Although PTF/iPTF were single-band surveys, by modelling the residuals of the SNe in the Hubble-Lemaître diagram, we estimate the average colour excess of our sample to be E(B - V)‰ ≈ 0.05(2) mag and thus the mean corrected peak brightness to be M R = -19.02 ± 0.02 +5 log (H0[km, s-1 Mpc-1]/70) mag with only weak dependennce on light-curve shape. The intrinsic scatter is found to be σ R = 0.186 ± 0.033 mag for the redshift range 0.05 < z < 0.1, without colour corrections of individual SNe. Our analysis shows that Malmquist bias becomes very significant at z = 0.13. A similar limitation is expected for the ongoing Zwicky Transient Facility (ZTF) survey using the same telescope, but new camera expressly designed for ZTF.
Papadogiannakis, S.; Goobar, A.; Amanullah, R.; Bulla, M; Dhawan, S.; Doran, G.; Feindt, U.; Ferretti, R.; Hangard, L.; Howell, D. A.; Johansson, J.; Kasliwal, M. M.; Laher, R.; Masci, F.; Nyholm, A.; Ofek, E.; Sollerman, J.; Yan, L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2495368
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