Osteoporosis represents a relevant cause of morbidity in adult Thalassemia Major (TM) population. Antiresorptive drugs such as bisphosphonates were demonstrated effective in preventing bone loss. Teriparatide (TP) is an anabolic agent approved for osteoporosis management in the general population, but its use has been very limited in TM patients so far. We evaluated TP efficacy and safety in TM-associated osteoporosis in real-life clinical practice. Retrospective evaluation of 11 TM patients (6 males, 5 females; mean age = 45 ± 4.38 years) with severe osteoporosis and multiple fractures under TP treatment. Mean TP treatment duration was 19 ± 7 months. TP withdrawal was due to poor compliance and side effects (fever and osteo-muscular pain) in two and three patients, respectively. After 12 and 24 months, BMD significantly increased at lumbar (+ 19% and 22%) and femoral sites (+ 13% and 13%). Osteocalcin and cross-laps levels increased after 12 and 24 months (+ 225 and + 54.2%; + 159 and 141%, respectively). No new fractures were detected during TP treatment. Baseline VAS score values (3 ± 3) did not significantly change after 12 and 24 months (3 ± 3 and 2 ± 3, respectively). Five out of eleven patients developed side effects. TP might be an effective treatment for TM-associated osteoporosis since it improves BMD, especially at the lumbar spine, and prevents fragility fractures. TM patients may have a higher frequency of side effects, especially muscle and bone pain under TP treatment, as compared to no TM population. Further studies are needed.

Efficacy and Safety of Teriparatide in Beta-Thalassemia Major Associated Osteoporosis: A Real-Life Experience

Gagliardi, Irene
Co-primo
;
Celico, Mariella
Co-primo
;
Gamberini, Maria Rita;Pontrelli, Margherita;Fortini, Monica;Carnevale, Aldo;Zatelli, Maria Chiara
Penultimo
;
Ambrosio, Maria Rosaria
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Osteoporosis represents a relevant cause of morbidity in adult Thalassemia Major (TM) population. Antiresorptive drugs such as bisphosphonates were demonstrated effective in preventing bone loss. Teriparatide (TP) is an anabolic agent approved for osteoporosis management in the general population, but its use has been very limited in TM patients so far. We evaluated TP efficacy and safety in TM-associated osteoporosis in real-life clinical practice. Retrospective evaluation of 11 TM patients (6 males, 5 females; mean age = 45 ± 4.38 years) with severe osteoporosis and multiple fractures under TP treatment. Mean TP treatment duration was 19 ± 7 months. TP withdrawal was due to poor compliance and side effects (fever and osteo-muscular pain) in two and three patients, respectively. After 12 and 24 months, BMD significantly increased at lumbar (+ 19% and 22%) and femoral sites (+ 13% and 13%). Osteocalcin and cross-laps levels increased after 12 and 24 months (+ 225 and + 54.2%; + 159 and 141%, respectively). No new fractures were detected during TP treatment. Baseline VAS score values (3 ± 3) did not significantly change after 12 and 24 months (3 ± 3 and 2 ± 3, respectively). Five out of eleven patients developed side effects. TP might be an effective treatment for TM-associated osteoporosis since it improves BMD, especially at the lumbar spine, and prevents fragility fractures. TM patients may have a higher frequency of side effects, especially muscle and bone pain under TP treatment, as compared to no TM population. Further studies are needed.
Gagliardi, Irene; Celico, Mariella; Gamberini, Maria Rita; Pontrelli, Margherita; Fortini, Monica; Carnevale, Aldo; Napoli, Nicola; Zatelli, Maria Chiara; Ambrosio, Maria Rosaria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/2491662
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