Endovascular treatment has emerged as the predominant approach in intracranial aneurysms. However, surgical clipping is still considered the best treatment for middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms in referral centers. Here we compared short-and long-term clinical and neuroradiological outcomes in patients with MCA aneurysms undergoing clipping or coiling in 5 Italian referral centers for cerebrovascular surgery. We retrospectively reviewed 411 consecutive patients admitted between 2015 and 2019 for ruptured and unruptured MCA aneurysm. Univariate and multivariate analyses of the association between demographic, clinical, and radiological parameters and ruptured status, type of surgical treatment, and clinical outcome at discharge and follow-up were performed. Clipping was performed in 340 (83%) cases, coiling in 71 (17%). Clipping was preferred in unruptured aneurysms and in those showing collateral branches originating from neck/dome. Surgery achieved a higher rate of complete occlusion at discharge and follow-up. Clipping and coiling showed no difference in clinical outcome in both ruptured and unruptured cases. In ruptured aneurysms age, presenting clinical status, intracerebral hematoma at onset, and treatment-related complications were significantly associated with outcome at both short- and long-term follow-up. The presence of collaterals/perforators originating from dome/neck of the aneurysms also worsened the short-term clinical outcome. In unruptured cases, only treatment-related complications such as ischemia and hydrocephalus were associated with poor outcome. Clipping still seems superior to coiling in providing better short- and long-term occlusion rates in MCA aneurysms, and at the same time, it appears as safe as coiling in terms of clinical outcome.

Clipping versus coiling for treatment of middle cerebral artery aneurysms: a retrospective Italian multicenter experience

Scerrati, Alba
Secondo
;
Norri, Nicolò;
2022

Abstract

Endovascular treatment has emerged as the predominant approach in intracranial aneurysms. However, surgical clipping is still considered the best treatment for middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms in referral centers. Here we compared short-and long-term clinical and neuroradiological outcomes in patients with MCA aneurysms undergoing clipping or coiling in 5 Italian referral centers for cerebrovascular surgery. We retrospectively reviewed 411 consecutive patients admitted between 2015 and 2019 for ruptured and unruptured MCA aneurysm. Univariate and multivariate analyses of the association between demographic, clinical, and radiological parameters and ruptured status, type of surgical treatment, and clinical outcome at discharge and follow-up were performed. Clipping was performed in 340 (83%) cases, coiling in 71 (17%). Clipping was preferred in unruptured aneurysms and in those showing collateral branches originating from neck/dome. Surgery achieved a higher rate of complete occlusion at discharge and follow-up. Clipping and coiling showed no difference in clinical outcome in both ruptured and unruptured cases. In ruptured aneurysms age, presenting clinical status, intracerebral hematoma at onset, and treatment-related complications were significantly associated with outcome at both short- and long-term follow-up. The presence of collaterals/perforators originating from dome/neck of the aneurysms also worsened the short-term clinical outcome. In unruptured cases, only treatment-related complications such as ischemia and hydrocephalus were associated with poor outcome. Clipping still seems superior to coiling in providing better short- and long-term occlusion rates in MCA aneurysms, and at the same time, it appears as safe as coiling in terms of clinical outcome.
2022
Sturiale, Carmelo Lucio; Scerrati, Alba; Ricciardi, Luca; Rustemi, Oriela; Auricchio, Anna Maria; Norri, Nicolò; Piazza, Amedeo; Ranieri, Fabio; Tomatis, Alberto; Albanese, Alessio; Di Egidio, Vincenzo; Farneti, Marco; Mangiola, Annunziato; Marchese, Enrico; Raco, Antonino; Volpin, Lorenzo; Trevisi, Gianluca
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2489749
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