In nature, many fluid-like materials exhibit a yield stress below which they behave like a solid. The Bingham model aims to describe such materials. This paper draws some mathematical considerations on the flow of a Bingham fluid in a vertical channel. The situation due to the presence of an external magnetic field and natural convection is analyzed: the external magnetic field, which is orthogonal to the walls of the channel, generates the Lorentz forces that influence the motion through the Hartmann number. The behavior of the velocity, the induced magnetic field and the thickness of the plug regions are discussed and presented graphically. We find that the velocity is a decreasing function of the Bingham and Hartmann numbers. In particular, the presence of the external magnetic field increases the thickness of the plug region. The modulus of the induced magnetic field is not monotone when the Hartmann number changes, but it is a decreasing function of the Bingham number.

### Exact solutions in MHD natural convection of a Bingham fluid: fully developed flow in a vertical channel

#### Abstract

In nature, many fluid-like materials exhibit a yield stress below which they behave like a solid. The Bingham model aims to describe such materials. This paper draws some mathematical considerations on the flow of a Bingham fluid in a vertical channel. The situation due to the presence of an external magnetic field and natural convection is analyzed: the external magnetic field, which is orthogonal to the walls of the channel, generates the Lorentz forces that influence the motion through the Hartmann number. The behavior of the velocity, the induced magnetic field and the thickness of the plug regions are discussed and presented graphically. We find that the velocity is a decreasing function of the Bingham and Hartmann numbers. In particular, the presence of the external magnetic field increases the thickness of the plug region. The modulus of the induced magnetic field is not monotone when the Hartmann number changes, but it is a decreasing function of the Bingham number.
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2022
Borrelli, A; Giantesio, G.; Patria, M. C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2487305`
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