PURPOSE: To evaluate the surgical and 3-year clinical outcomes of modified big-bubble 9-mm deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) in eyes with previous ALK (ALK). METHODS: In this interventional case series, 21 consecutive eyes with unsatisfactory vision after ALK (superficial ALK n = 9; laser-assisted ALK n = 7; and epikeratophakia n = 5) underwent large-diameter (9-mm) DALK. The surgery involved deep trephination based on the anterior segment optical coherence tomography pachymetry measurement at 9-mm diameter, pneumatic dissection from the base of the trephination and limited stromal clearance of the optical zone (6 mm). Main outcome measures were success rates of pneumatic dissection, best spectacle-corrected visual acuity, and complication rates. RESULTS: Pneumatic dissection with type 1 bubble formation succeeded in 19 (90%) eyes. In the 2 remaining cases, the 6-mm optical zone was cleared by manual dissection. Perforation occurred in one of the latter cases; no procedure was converted to penetrating keratoplasty. One month after complete suture removal, the preoperative mean best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (0.75 ± 0.23 logMAR) improved to 0.09 ± 0.10 logMAR (P < 0.001) and remained stable up to 3 years after surgery. At the final follow-up, refractive astigmatism was ≤4.5 and <6 D in 20 (95%) and 21 (100%) eyes, respectively. Stromal rejection was observed in 2 eyes (10%) and was treated successfully with steroids. CONCLUSIONS: Even in eyes with previous ALK, pneumatic dissection can be achieved through a modified DALK technique with a low risk of complications and excellent visual and refractive outcomes.

Pneumatic Dissection for Large-Diameter (9-mm) Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty in Eyes With Previous Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty

Yu A. C.
Primo
;
Galante G.;Furiosi L.;Bovone C.
Penultimo
;
Busin M.
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate the surgical and 3-year clinical outcomes of modified big-bubble 9-mm deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) in eyes with previous ALK (ALK). METHODS: In this interventional case series, 21 consecutive eyes with unsatisfactory vision after ALK (superficial ALK n = 9; laser-assisted ALK n = 7; and epikeratophakia n = 5) underwent large-diameter (9-mm) DALK. The surgery involved deep trephination based on the anterior segment optical coherence tomography pachymetry measurement at 9-mm diameter, pneumatic dissection from the base of the trephination and limited stromal clearance of the optical zone (6 mm). Main outcome measures were success rates of pneumatic dissection, best spectacle-corrected visual acuity, and complication rates. RESULTS: Pneumatic dissection with type 1 bubble formation succeeded in 19 (90%) eyes. In the 2 remaining cases, the 6-mm optical zone was cleared by manual dissection. Perforation occurred in one of the latter cases; no procedure was converted to penetrating keratoplasty. One month after complete suture removal, the preoperative mean best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (0.75 ± 0.23 logMAR) improved to 0.09 ± 0.10 logMAR (P < 0.001) and remained stable up to 3 years after surgery. At the final follow-up, refractive astigmatism was ≤4.5 and <6 D in 20 (95%) and 21 (100%) eyes, respectively. Stromal rejection was observed in 2 eyes (10%) and was treated successfully with steroids. CONCLUSIONS: Even in eyes with previous ALK, pneumatic dissection can be achieved through a modified DALK technique with a low risk of complications and excellent visual and refractive outcomes.
2021
Yu, ANGELI CHRISTY; Myerscough, J.; Galante, G.; Furiosi, L.; Socea, S.; Bovone, C.; Busin, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2484995
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