Early post-transplant is the critical phase for the success of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). New viral infections and the reactivations associated with complete ablation of the recipient’s T-cell immunity and inefficient reconstitution of the donor-derived system represent the main risks of HSCT. To date, the pharmacological treatments for post-HSCT viral infection-related complications have many limitations. Adoptive cell therapy (ACT) represents a new pharmacological strategy, allowing us to reconstitute the immune response to infectious agents in the post-HSC period. To demonstrate the potential advantage of this novel immunotherapy strategy, we report three cases of pediatric patients and the respective central nervous system complications after donor lymphocyte infusion.
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