Autophagy is a highly conserved process that acts sequestering cytoplasmic components for their degradation by the lysosomes. It consists of several sequential steps that have to be finely regulated to ensure both its progression and termination. Post-translational modifications (PTMs) play an important role in regulating ATG proteins function in different stages of autophagy. Recently, we demonstrated that, during prolonged starvation, ULK1 protein is specifically ubiquitylated by NEDD4L, and that this regulation is important to protect cells against excessive autophagy. In this Extra view, we show that ULK1 phosphorylation at 3 different sites on the same ULK1 target region for NEDD4L is preparatory for its ubiquitylation and subsequent degradation. This adds to the complexity of ULK1 multi-level regulation by several factors, including kinases, phosphatases and acetylases, with each contributing to autophagy homeostasis.

ULK1 ubiquitylation is regulated by phosphorylation on its carboxy terminus

Carinci M.;
2017

Abstract

Autophagy is a highly conserved process that acts sequestering cytoplasmic components for their degradation by the lysosomes. It consists of several sequential steps that have to be finely regulated to ensure both its progression and termination. Post-translational modifications (PTMs) play an important role in regulating ATG proteins function in different stages of autophagy. Recently, we demonstrated that, during prolonged starvation, ULK1 protein is specifically ubiquitylated by NEDD4L, and that this regulation is important to protect cells against excessive autophagy. In this Extra view, we show that ULK1 phosphorylation at 3 different sites on the same ULK1 target region for NEDD4L is preparatory for its ubiquitylation and subsequent degradation. This adds to the complexity of ULK1 multi-level regulation by several factors, including kinases, phosphatases and acetylases, with each contributing to autophagy homeostasis.
2017
Nazio, F.; Carinci, M.; Cecconi, F.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2480155
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 5
  • Scopus 10
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 9
social impact