Background: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) plus radiotherapy (RT) have been sug-gested as an emerging combination in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. However, little is known about the magnitude of its benefits and potential clinical predictors. Objective: To assess the effects of this combination on the increase in overall and progression-free survival. Data sources: The MEDLINE and CANCERLIT (1970–2020) electronic databases were searched, and the reference lists of included studies were manually searched. Study selection: Studies were included if they were comparative studies between combination ICI-RT and ICI or RT alone in advanced or metastatic NSCLC patients. Overall survival (OS) was analyzed according to the treatment strategy. Data extraction: Data on population, intervention, and outcomes were extracted from each study, in accordance with the intention-to-treat method, by two independent observers and combined using the DerSimonian method and Laird method. Results: Compared to ICI or RT alone, ICI-RT significantly increased the 1-year and 3-year OS RR by 0.75 (95% CI 0.64–0.88; p = 0.0003) and 0.85 (95% CI 0.78–0.93; p = 0.0006), respectively. Furthermore, there was a statistically significant benefit on 1-and 3-year progression-free survival (RR 0.73 (95% CI, 0.61–0.87; p = 0.0005) and RR 0.82 (95% CI 0.67–0.99; p = 0.04), respectively). Conclusions: In patients with advanced or metastatic NSCLC, combination ICI-RT increases 1-and 3-year OS and progression-free survival compared to ICI or RT alone.

Beyond abscopal effect: A meta-analysis of immune checkpoint inhibitors and radiotherapy in advanced non-small cell lung cancer

Fiorica F.
Primo
;
Perrone M.;Missiroli S.;Giuliani J.;Pinton P.
Penultimo
;
Giorgi C.
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Background: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) plus radiotherapy (RT) have been sug-gested as an emerging combination in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. However, little is known about the magnitude of its benefits and potential clinical predictors. Objective: To assess the effects of this combination on the increase in overall and progression-free survival. Data sources: The MEDLINE and CANCERLIT (1970–2020) electronic databases were searched, and the reference lists of included studies were manually searched. Study selection: Studies were included if they were comparative studies between combination ICI-RT and ICI or RT alone in advanced or metastatic NSCLC patients. Overall survival (OS) was analyzed according to the treatment strategy. Data extraction: Data on population, intervention, and outcomes were extracted from each study, in accordance with the intention-to-treat method, by two independent observers and combined using the DerSimonian method and Laird method. Results: Compared to ICI or RT alone, ICI-RT significantly increased the 1-year and 3-year OS RR by 0.75 (95% CI 0.64–0.88; p = 0.0003) and 0.85 (95% CI 0.78–0.93; p = 0.0006), respectively. Furthermore, there was a statistically significant benefit on 1-and 3-year progression-free survival (RR 0.73 (95% CI, 0.61–0.87; p = 0.0005) and RR 0.82 (95% CI 0.67–0.99; p = 0.04), respectively). Conclusions: In patients with advanced or metastatic NSCLC, combination ICI-RT increases 1-and 3-year OS and progression-free survival compared to ICI or RT alone.
2021
Fiorica, F.; Tebano, U.; Gabbani, M.; Perrone, M.; Missiroli, S.; Berretta, M.; Giuliani, J.; Bonetti, A.; Remo, A.; Pigozzi, E.; Tontini, A.; Napoli, G.; Luca, N.; Grigolato, D.; Pinton, P.; Giorgi, C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2479302
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