Purpose: The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the 30-day survival of nonagenarian patients who underwent non-traumatic emergency abdominal surgery. Other aims were: 90-day and 12-month survival rates, the postoperative complications rate, the impact of the emergency operation on postoperative functional status, the accuracy of the P-POSSUM in predicting 30-day postoperative mortality and changes in care services after surgery. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of nonagenarian patients who underwent non-traumatic emergency abdominal surgery between January 2010 and June 2017. Patients were divided in two groups according to the 30-day survival status to compare the distribution of patients' characteristics and postoperative outcomes. Overall survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. To assess the accuracy of P-POSSUM to predict 30-day mortality, a receiver operating characteristic curve and the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness of fit test were used. Results: 85 nonagenarian patients were enrolled in this study; of these, 27 (31.8%) died within 30 days. The Kaplan-Meier curve showed a rapid decline in survival over the first 30 postoperative days, followed by a more gradual reduction during the rest of the first year. The majority of patients (92.6%) who died within 30 days experienced a medical complication, with a preponderance of respiratory failure (48.2%) and multiple organ failure (33.3%). In the surviving patients, the postoperative functional status had worsened, and 64.2% of patients did not return to their original housing situation or were institutionalized. The accuracy of P-POSSUM in predicting 30-day mortality in nonagenarian patients was poor. Conclusions: This study may help doctors convey the postoperative risks of morbidity and mortality, and also to adequately inform relatives about the possible adverse discharge destination of surviving nonagenarian patients with a consequent increase in care needs.

Non-traumatic emergency abdominal surgery in nonagenarian patients: a retrospective study

Portinari M;Bianchi L;De Troia A;Valpiani G;Spadaro S;Fogagnolo A;Acciarri P;Soliani G;Carcoforo P
2021

Abstract

Purpose: The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the 30-day survival of nonagenarian patients who underwent non-traumatic emergency abdominal surgery. Other aims were: 90-day and 12-month survival rates, the postoperative complications rate, the impact of the emergency operation on postoperative functional status, the accuracy of the P-POSSUM in predicting 30-day postoperative mortality and changes in care services after surgery. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of nonagenarian patients who underwent non-traumatic emergency abdominal surgery between January 2010 and June 2017. Patients were divided in two groups according to the 30-day survival status to compare the distribution of patients' characteristics and postoperative outcomes. Overall survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. To assess the accuracy of P-POSSUM to predict 30-day mortality, a receiver operating characteristic curve and the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness of fit test were used. Results: 85 nonagenarian patients were enrolled in this study; of these, 27 (31.8%) died within 30 days. The Kaplan-Meier curve showed a rapid decline in survival over the first 30 postoperative days, followed by a more gradual reduction during the rest of the first year. The majority of patients (92.6%) who died within 30 days experienced a medical complication, with a preponderance of respiratory failure (48.2%) and multiple organ failure (33.3%). In the surviving patients, the postoperative functional status had worsened, and 64.2% of patients did not return to their original housing situation or were institutionalized. The accuracy of P-POSSUM in predicting 30-day mortality in nonagenarian patients was poor. Conclusions: This study may help doctors convey the postoperative risks of morbidity and mortality, and also to adequately inform relatives about the possible adverse discharge destination of surviving nonagenarian patients with a consequent increase in care needs.
Portinari, M; Bianchi, L; De Troia, A; Valpiani, G; Spadaro, S; Fogagnolo, A; Acciarri, P; Soliani, G; Carcoforo, P
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2470463
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