Whether contrast-associated acute kidney injury (CA-AKI) is only a bystander or a risk factor for mortality in older patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is not well understood. Data from FRASER (NCT02386124) and HULK (NCT03021044) studies have been analysed. All patients enrolled underwent coronary angiography. The occurrence of CA-AKI was defined based on KDIGO criteria. The primary outcome of the study was to test the relation between CA-AKI and 3-month mortality. Overall, 870 older ACS adults were included in the analysis (mean age 78 +/- 5 years; 28% females). CA-AKI occurred in 136 (16%) patients. At 3 months, 13 (9.6%) patients with CA-AKI died as compared with 13 (1.8%) without it (p < 0.001). At multivariable analysis, CA-AKI emerged as independent predictor of 3-month mortality (HR 3.51, 95%CI 1.05-7.01). After 3 months, renal function returned to the baseline value in 78 (63%) with CA-AKI. Those without recovered renal function (n = 45, 37%) showed an increased risk of mortality as compared to recovered renal function and no CA-AKI subgroups (HR 2.01, 95%CI 1.55-2.59, p = 0.009 and HR 2.71, 95%CI 1.45-5.89, p < 0.001, respectively). In conclusion, CA-AKI occurs in a not negligible portion of older MI patients undergoing invasive strategy and it is associated with short-term mortality.

Contrast Associated Acute Kidney Injury and Mortality in Older Adults with Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Pooled Analysis of the FRASER and HULK Studies

Pavasini, R;Tebaldi, M;Bugani, G;Tonet, E;Campana, R;Cimaglia, P;Maietti, E;Grazzi, G;Pompei, G;Fabbri, G;Fiorio, A;Rubboli, A;Mazzoni, G;Vitali, F;Serenelli, M;Campo, G;Biscaglia, S
2021

Abstract

Whether contrast-associated acute kidney injury (CA-AKI) is only a bystander or a risk factor for mortality in older patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is not well understood. Data from FRASER (NCT02386124) and HULK (NCT03021044) studies have been analysed. All patients enrolled underwent coronary angiography. The occurrence of CA-AKI was defined based on KDIGO criteria. The primary outcome of the study was to test the relation between CA-AKI and 3-month mortality. Overall, 870 older ACS adults were included in the analysis (mean age 78 +/- 5 years; 28% females). CA-AKI occurred in 136 (16%) patients. At 3 months, 13 (9.6%) patients with CA-AKI died as compared with 13 (1.8%) without it (p < 0.001). At multivariable analysis, CA-AKI emerged as independent predictor of 3-month mortality (HR 3.51, 95%CI 1.05-7.01). After 3 months, renal function returned to the baseline value in 78 (63%) with CA-AKI. Those without recovered renal function (n = 45, 37%) showed an increased risk of mortality as compared to recovered renal function and no CA-AKI subgroups (HR 2.01, 95%CI 1.55-2.59, p = 0.009 and HR 2.71, 95%CI 1.45-5.89, p < 0.001, respectively). In conclusion, CA-AKI occurs in a not negligible portion of older MI patients undergoing invasive strategy and it is associated with short-term mortality.
Pavasini, R; Tebaldi, M; Bugani, G; Tonet, E; Campana, R; Cimaglia, P; Maietti, E; Grazzi, G; Pompei, G; Fabbri, G; Fiorio, A; Rubboli, A; Mazzoni, G; Vitali, F; Serenelli, M; Campo, G; Biscaglia, S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2460707
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