Lipoxygenase (LOX, E.C. 1.13.11.12), among its various roles, catalyzes the degradation of polyunsaturated fatty acids and it is considered to be one of the main causes of undesirable off-flavor developments in legumes. The role of LOX in postharvest physiology is particularly significant in seeds with high values of lipoxygenase and linoleic acid levels. This research aimed to study the biochemical properties of the LOX extracted from green pea (Pisum sativum L. var. Léda, Zeusz, Zsuzsi), dry pea (Pisum sativum L. var. Hanka, Irina, Lutra), and lentil (Lens culinaris L., var. Pinklevi, Rézi, Castelluccio), using linoleic acid as a substrate. The raw extracts showed different catalytic properties, with dry pea (var. Irina) that expressed the highest LOX activity, while lentil (var. Pinklevi) expressed the lowest activity. To complete the biochemical characterization of the crude LOX extracts, their optimal pH and temperature were also examined. The highest value of lipoxygenase activity in the pH range 6–7 was measured in all legumes. The optimal temperature for all extracts fell within the range of 30–60°C given the nutritional importance of legumes. This study will serve as a basis for further detailed investigation of the legumes LOX activity and its roles in food products related to legumes. Practical applications: This study investigated the biochemical properties of lipoxygenase (LOX) extracted from different varieties of lentil and pea, the two important leguminous crops serving as the main protein source for the population of humans worldwide. The biochemical properties of LOX extracted from legumes showed large differences in terms of kinetic properties. The results of this study revealed that the use of lipoxygenase can be a suitable index for managing stabilization techniques of lentil and pea, in order to inhibit the lipid oxidation in grain legume without compromising its nutritional value.

Catalytic properties of lipoxygenase extracted from different varieties of Pisum sativum and Lens culinaris

Radicetti E.
Penultimo
;
2021

Abstract

Lipoxygenase (LOX, E.C. 1.13.11.12), among its various roles, catalyzes the degradation of polyunsaturated fatty acids and it is considered to be one of the main causes of undesirable off-flavor developments in legumes. The role of LOX in postharvest physiology is particularly significant in seeds with high values of lipoxygenase and linoleic acid levels. This research aimed to study the biochemical properties of the LOX extracted from green pea (Pisum sativum L. var. Léda, Zeusz, Zsuzsi), dry pea (Pisum sativum L. var. Hanka, Irina, Lutra), and lentil (Lens culinaris L., var. Pinklevi, Rézi, Castelluccio), using linoleic acid as a substrate. The raw extracts showed different catalytic properties, with dry pea (var. Irina) that expressed the highest LOX activity, while lentil (var. Pinklevi) expressed the lowest activity. To complete the biochemical characterization of the crude LOX extracts, their optimal pH and temperature were also examined. The highest value of lipoxygenase activity in the pH range 6–7 was measured in all legumes. The optimal temperature for all extracts fell within the range of 30–60°C given the nutritional importance of legumes. This study will serve as a basis for further detailed investigation of the legumes LOX activity and its roles in food products related to legumes. Practical applications: This study investigated the biochemical properties of lipoxygenase (LOX) extracted from different varieties of lentil and pea, the two important leguminous crops serving as the main protein source for the population of humans worldwide. The biochemical properties of LOX extracted from legumes showed large differences in terms of kinetic properties. The results of this study revealed that the use of lipoxygenase can be a suitable index for managing stabilization techniques of lentil and pea, in order to inhibit the lipid oxidation in grain legume without compromising its nutritional value.
2021
Liburdi, K.; Esti, M.; Petroselli, V.; Mendler-Drienyovszki, N.; Radicetti, E.; Mancinelli, R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2459217
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