Objectives: To assess the delay between the disease onset and the beginning of methotrexate (MTX) treatment in RA patients and to evaluate the Italian rheumatologists' adherence to the EULAR 2013 recommendations. Methods: MITRA is an Italian multicentre observational study carried out on DMARD-naïve RA patients recruited in an 18-month period starting from 2015. The data related to the patients' characteristics at baseline will be presented. Results: 332 patients from 13 Italian centres were recruited: the median delay between the onset of symptoms and the beginning of MTX was 197 days (102-431); in 20% of patients a treatment with DMARDs was started within the first 90 days from the onset of symptoms. The clinical target selected was DAS28 remission in 64.2% of cases and low disease activity in 35.8%. Among patients in DAS28 high disease activity, 92.6% received a control visit which was rescheduled within the first 3 months, similarly to those in DAS28 moderate disease activity (91.6%). A DMARD monotherapy was prescribed in 319 patients, while a combined therapy of DMARDs was preferred in 13 cases; 282 patients were treated with MTX. Glucocorticoids were prescribed in 229 patients: the median dosage was of 5 mg (IQR 5-7.5) of prednisone equivalent/day. Conclusions: Diagnostic delay in RA patients continues to be longer than expected. The choice of low disease activity as a target is still very frequent and tight control does not seem to be based on disease activity. This paper offers a realistic and detailed picture of the clinical practice among Italian rheumatologists.

Methotrexate in Italian patients wiTh Rheumatoid Arthritis (MITRA study): an observational study about the use of methotrexate in early RA patients and the adherence to the EULAR 2013 recommendations. A project of the Italian Society for Rheumatology

Govoni, Marcello;Silvagni, Ettore;Scirè, Carlo Alberto;
2021

Abstract

Objectives: To assess the delay between the disease onset and the beginning of methotrexate (MTX) treatment in RA patients and to evaluate the Italian rheumatologists' adherence to the EULAR 2013 recommendations. Methods: MITRA is an Italian multicentre observational study carried out on DMARD-naïve RA patients recruited in an 18-month period starting from 2015. The data related to the patients' characteristics at baseline will be presented. Results: 332 patients from 13 Italian centres were recruited: the median delay between the onset of symptoms and the beginning of MTX was 197 days (102-431); in 20% of patients a treatment with DMARDs was started within the first 90 days from the onset of symptoms. The clinical target selected was DAS28 remission in 64.2% of cases and low disease activity in 35.8%. Among patients in DAS28 high disease activity, 92.6% received a control visit which was rescheduled within the first 3 months, similarly to those in DAS28 moderate disease activity (91.6%). A DMARD monotherapy was prescribed in 319 patients, while a combined therapy of DMARDs was preferred in 13 cases; 282 patients were treated with MTX. Glucocorticoids were prescribed in 229 patients: the median dosage was of 5 mg (IQR 5-7.5) of prednisone equivalent/day. Conclusions: Diagnostic delay in RA patients continues to be longer than expected. The choice of low disease activity as a target is still very frequent and tight control does not seem to be based on disease activity. This paper offers a realistic and detailed picture of the clinical practice among Italian rheumatologists.
2021
Benaglio, Francesca; Fornaro, Marco; Montecucco, Carlomaurizio; Raffeiner, Bernd; Di Franco, Manuela; Iannuccelli, Cristina; Conigliaro, Paola; Lomater, Claudia; Govoni, Marcello; Silvagni, Ettore; Zanetti, Anna; Parisi, Simone; Carrara, Greta; Scirè, Carlo Alberto; Iannone, Florenzo; Caporali, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2435622
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