The importance of peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) for alteration of gene expression is nowadays firmly established. PNAs are characterized by a pseudo-peptide backbone composed of N-(2-aminoethyl)glycine units and have been found to be excellent candidates for antisense and antigene therapies. Recently, PNAs have been demonstrated to alter the action of microRNAs and thus can be considered very important tools for miRNA therapeutics. In fact, the pharmacological modulation of microRNA activity appears to be a very interesting approach in the development of new types of drugs. Among the limits of PNAs in applied molecular biology, the delivery to target cells and tissues is of key importance. The aim of this chapter is to describe methods for the efficient delivery of unmodified PNAs designed to target microRNAs involved in cancer, using as model system miR-221-3p and human glioma cells as in vitro experimental cellular system. The methods employed to deliver PNAs targeting miR-221-3p here presented are based on a macrocyclic multivalent tetraargininocalix[4]arene used as non-covalent vector for anti-miR-221-3p PNAs. High delivery efficiency, low cytotoxicity, maintenance of the PNA biological activity, and easy preparation makes this vector a candidate for a universal delivery system for this class of nucleic acid analogs.

Delivery of Peptide Nucleic Acids Using an Argininocalix[4]arene as Vector

Finotti A.
Primo
;
Gasparello J.
Secondo
;
Gambari R.
Penultimo
;
2021

Abstract

The importance of peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) for alteration of gene expression is nowadays firmly established. PNAs are characterized by a pseudo-peptide backbone composed of N-(2-aminoethyl)glycine units and have been found to be excellent candidates for antisense and antigene therapies. Recently, PNAs have been demonstrated to alter the action of microRNAs and thus can be considered very important tools for miRNA therapeutics. In fact, the pharmacological modulation of microRNA activity appears to be a very interesting approach in the development of new types of drugs. Among the limits of PNAs in applied molecular biology, the delivery to target cells and tissues is of key importance. The aim of this chapter is to describe methods for the efficient delivery of unmodified PNAs designed to target microRNAs involved in cancer, using as model system miR-221-3p and human glioma cells as in vitro experimental cellular system. The methods employed to deliver PNAs targeting miR-221-3p here presented are based on a macrocyclic multivalent tetraargininocalix[4]arene used as non-covalent vector for anti-miR-221-3p PNAs. High delivery efficiency, low cytotoxicity, maintenance of the PNA biological activity, and easy preparation makes this vector a candidate for a universal delivery system for this class of nucleic acid analogs.
2021
978-1-0716-0942-2
Calixarene amphiphiles
Calixarenes
Cell transfection
Delivery
MicroRNAs
miRNA therapeutics
Non-viral vectors
Peptide nucleic acids
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2434756
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