Co-infection in patients with viral infection as a predisposing factor is less focused on during epidemic outbreaks, resulting in increased morbidity and mortality. Recent studies showed that patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) often have both bacterial and fungal co-infections. In this study, sputum samples of 120 OPD (outdoor patients) suffering from respiratory tract infection (RTI) but negative for tuberculosis infection were collected with informed consent. Morphological, biochemical, and resistance criteria were used to classify isolates and to distinguish multidrug resistant (MDR) isolates, which were further classified on a molecular basis. We found that the isolates, including MDR strains, showed remarkable sensitivity against acetone and methanol extracts of Moringa oleifera, Adhatoda vasica, and Cassia fistula. The results strongly confirmed that multifactorial infections can produce MDR characteristics against antimicrobial drugs, which gave insight into the use of herbal drugs with their age-old traditional importance as having antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory effects. We conclude that apart from this, the anti-infective potential of these plants can be used in the future in the form of products such as cosmetics, pharmaceutical coatings, surface coatings, drug delivery vehicle coatings, and other bioengineered coatings for public use. Future studies are required to assess therapeutics for co-infective resistant strains and nosocomial infections with immune-enhancing effects, thereby promoting their function in holistic treatment and therapy of COVID-19 patients.

Traditional herbal remedies with a multifunctional therapeutic approach as an implication in COVID-19 associated co-infections

Zamboni P.;Gemmati D.;
2020

Abstract

Co-infection in patients with viral infection as a predisposing factor is less focused on during epidemic outbreaks, resulting in increased morbidity and mortality. Recent studies showed that patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) often have both bacterial and fungal co-infections. In this study, sputum samples of 120 OPD (outdoor patients) suffering from respiratory tract infection (RTI) but negative for tuberculosis infection were collected with informed consent. Morphological, biochemical, and resistance criteria were used to classify isolates and to distinguish multidrug resistant (MDR) isolates, which were further classified on a molecular basis. We found that the isolates, including MDR strains, showed remarkable sensitivity against acetone and methanol extracts of Moringa oleifera, Adhatoda vasica, and Cassia fistula. The results strongly confirmed that multifactorial infections can produce MDR characteristics against antimicrobial drugs, which gave insight into the use of herbal drugs with their age-old traditional importance as having antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory effects. We conclude that apart from this, the anti-infective potential of these plants can be used in the future in the form of products such as cosmetics, pharmaceutical coatings, surface coatings, drug delivery vehicle coatings, and other bioengineered coatings for public use. Future studies are required to assess therapeutics for co-infective resistant strains and nosocomial infections with immune-enhancing effects, thereby promoting their function in holistic treatment and therapy of COVID-19 patients.
2020
Pandey, A. T.; Pandey, I.; Zamboni, P.; Gemmati, D.; Kanase, A.; Singh, A. V.; Singh, M. P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2433266
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