We report the case of a 71-year-old man affected by testicular large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), treated with right orchiectomy and first-line chemotherapy (R-CHOP, 8 cycles). A complete remission was obtained after therapy. Twenty-two months after the primary diagnosis the patient suddenly presented dyspnoea and superior vena cava syndrome; thus, he underwent a CT scan that revealed a large mass in the right atrium, expanding to the superior vena cava. A differential diagnosis between a neoplastic mass and a clot was proposed. The subsequent MR did not clarify the nature of the mass; therefore, the patient underwent an 18F-FDG PET/CT scan (PET/CT), after a specific preparation to reduce fluoro-deoxyglucose (FDG) myocardial uptake. PET/CT revealed an intense FDG uptake involving the whole mass (SUVmax 9.4), suggestive for neoplasm and confirmed by the subsequent endocardiac biopsy. The patient was treated with 8 cycles of R-COMP, obtaining a complete remission, as indicated by the PET/CT performed after the seventh cycle of therapy. The case that we are reporting highlights that DLBCL can have an uncommon relapse presentation in the atrium. PET/CT, compared to conventional imaging, can be a valuable tool to detect early and better characterize cardiac lesions in order to improve the poor prognosis of these conditions.

Right Atrium Mass Assessed with 18F-FDG PET/CT Scan Turns Out to Be an Uncommon Relapse of Testicular Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma: A Case Report

Urso, Luca
Secondo
;
Rigolin, Gian Matteo;Cuneo, Antonio;Cittanti, Corrado
Penultimo
;
Bartolomei, Mirco
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

We report the case of a 71-year-old man affected by testicular large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), treated with right orchiectomy and first-line chemotherapy (R-CHOP, 8 cycles). A complete remission was obtained after therapy. Twenty-two months after the primary diagnosis the patient suddenly presented dyspnoea and superior vena cava syndrome; thus, he underwent a CT scan that revealed a large mass in the right atrium, expanding to the superior vena cava. A differential diagnosis between a neoplastic mass and a clot was proposed. The subsequent MR did not clarify the nature of the mass; therefore, the patient underwent an 18F-FDG PET/CT scan (PET/CT), after a specific preparation to reduce fluoro-deoxyglucose (FDG) myocardial uptake. PET/CT revealed an intense FDG uptake involving the whole mass (SUVmax 9.4), suggestive for neoplasm and confirmed by the subsequent endocardiac biopsy. The patient was treated with 8 cycles of R-COMP, obtaining a complete remission, as indicated by the PET/CT performed after the seventh cycle of therapy. The case that we are reporting highlights that DLBCL can have an uncommon relapse presentation in the atrium. PET/CT, compared to conventional imaging, can be a valuable tool to detect early and better characterize cardiac lesions in order to improve the poor prognosis of these conditions.
2020
Panareo, Stefano; Urso, Luca; Santi, Ivan; Rigolin, Gian Matteo; Cuneo, Antonio; Cittanti, Corrado; Bartolomei, Mirco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2427386
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