BACKGROUND The current coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic is changing the organization of health care and has had a direct impact on the management of surgical patients. At the General Surgery Department of Sant'Anna University Hospital in Ferrara, Italy, surgical activities were progressively reduced during the peak of the COVID-19 outbreak in Italy. During this period, only one operating room was available for elective cancer surgeries and another for emergency surgeries. Moreover, the number of beds for surgical patients had to be reduced to provide beds and personnel for the new COVID-19 wards. AIM To compare 2 different period (from March 9 to April 9 2019 and from March 9 to April 9 2020), searching differences in terms of number and type of interventions in emergency surgery of a main University Hospital in Ferrara, a city in Emilia Romagna region, North of Italy. METHODS This retrospective study was carried out at the General Surgery Department of Sant'Anna University Hospital in Ferrara, Italy. We examined the number of emergency surgeries performed and patient outcomes during the peak of the COVID-19 outbreak in Italy and subsequent total lockdown. We then drew a comparison with the number of surgeries performed and their outcomes during the same period in 2019. The study examined all adult patients who underwent emergency surgery from March 9 to April 9, 2019 (n = 46), and those who underwent surgery during the first month of the lockdown, from March 9 to April 9, 2020 (n = 27). Analyses were adjusted for age, gender, American Society of Anesthesiologists classification scores and types of surgery. RESULTS A total of 27 patients underwent emergency surgery at Sant'Anna University Hospital in Ferrara during the first month of the lockdown. This represents a 41.3% reduction in the number of patients who were hospitalized and underwent emergency surgery compared to the same period in 2019. The complication rate during the pandemic period was substantially higher than it was during the analogous period in 2019: 15 out of 27 cases from March 9 to April 9, 2020 (55) vs 17 out of 46 cases from March 9 to April 9, 2019 (36.9). Of the 27 patients who underwent emergency surgery during the pandemic, 10 were screened for COVID-19 using both thorax high resolution computerized tomography and a naso-pharyngeal swab, while 9 only underwent thorax high resolution computerized tomography. Only 1 patient tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 and died following surgery. CONCLUSION There was a significant reduction in emergency surgeries at our center during the COVID-19 pandemic, and it is plausible that there were analogous reductions at other centers across Italy.

Emergency surgery in COVID-19 outbreak: Has anything changed? Single center experience

D'Urbano F.
Primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Fabbri N.
Secondo
Conceptualization
;
Rossin E.
Penultimo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Carcoforo P.
Ultimo
Supervision
2020

Abstract

BACKGROUND The current coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic is changing the organization of health care and has had a direct impact on the management of surgical patients. At the General Surgery Department of Sant'Anna University Hospital in Ferrara, Italy, surgical activities were progressively reduced during the peak of the COVID-19 outbreak in Italy. During this period, only one operating room was available for elective cancer surgeries and another for emergency surgeries. Moreover, the number of beds for surgical patients had to be reduced to provide beds and personnel for the new COVID-19 wards. AIM To compare 2 different period (from March 9 to April 9 2019 and from March 9 to April 9 2020), searching differences in terms of number and type of interventions in emergency surgery of a main University Hospital in Ferrara, a city in Emilia Romagna region, North of Italy. METHODS This retrospective study was carried out at the General Surgery Department of Sant'Anna University Hospital in Ferrara, Italy. We examined the number of emergency surgeries performed and patient outcomes during the peak of the COVID-19 outbreak in Italy and subsequent total lockdown. We then drew a comparison with the number of surgeries performed and their outcomes during the same period in 2019. The study examined all adult patients who underwent emergency surgery from March 9 to April 9, 2019 (n = 46), and those who underwent surgery during the first month of the lockdown, from March 9 to April 9, 2020 (n = 27). Analyses were adjusted for age, gender, American Society of Anesthesiologists classification scores and types of surgery. RESULTS A total of 27 patients underwent emergency surgery at Sant'Anna University Hospital in Ferrara during the first month of the lockdown. This represents a 41.3% reduction in the number of patients who were hospitalized and underwent emergency surgery compared to the same period in 2019. The complication rate during the pandemic period was substantially higher than it was during the analogous period in 2019: 15 out of 27 cases from March 9 to April 9, 2020 (55) vs 17 out of 46 cases from March 9 to April 9, 2019 (36.9). Of the 27 patients who underwent emergency surgery during the pandemic, 10 were screened for COVID-19 using both thorax high resolution computerized tomography and a naso-pharyngeal swab, while 9 only underwent thorax high resolution computerized tomography. Only 1 patient tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 and died following surgery. CONCLUSION There was a significant reduction in emergency surgeries at our center during the COVID-19 pandemic, and it is plausible that there were analogous reductions at other centers across Italy.
2020
D'Urbano, F.; Fabbri, N.; Radica, M. K.; Rossin, E.; Carcoforo, P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2427200
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