Poly(3,4-ethylentedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) is one of the most studied materials for organic bioelectronics, supercapacitors and organic photovoltaics. Its low impedance is ascribed to the so-called volumetric capacitance, a property that phenomenologically correlates the capacitive coupling/charge storage in devices to the PEDOT:PSS volume/thickness. Here we investigate the correlation between the capacitance and the electroactive surface area (ESA) for large-volume spin-cast PEDOT:PSS electrodes. We measure the capacitance with cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and characterize the surface morphology by atomic force microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Capacitance of PEDOT:PSS films scales with volume up to ∼5 × 106 μm3 but is saturated at larger volumes. This scaling behavior is paralleled by the scaling of the ESA, hence the ratio between the effective capacitance and ESA remains constant across the whole data set, thus showing that the specific areal capacitance is indeed the relevant material property of PEDOT:PSS. EIS data fit supports the experimental evidence obtained by CV, further revealing that the diffusion time constant is also saturated at high volumes. This supports the scenario where the effective capacitance relates to the ion accessible ESA, and shows that the saturation of the capacitance arises from a change of ion penetration from a diffusive (at small volumes) to a non-diffusive regime at large volumes.

Scaling of capacitance of PEDOT:PSS: Volume: Vs. area

Bianchi M.
Primo
;
Carli S.
Secondo
;
Prato M.;Fadiga L.
Penultimo
;
Biscarini F.
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

Poly(3,4-ethylentedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) is one of the most studied materials for organic bioelectronics, supercapacitors and organic photovoltaics. Its low impedance is ascribed to the so-called volumetric capacitance, a property that phenomenologically correlates the capacitive coupling/charge storage in devices to the PEDOT:PSS volume/thickness. Here we investigate the correlation between the capacitance and the electroactive surface area (ESA) for large-volume spin-cast PEDOT:PSS electrodes. We measure the capacitance with cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and characterize the surface morphology by atomic force microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Capacitance of PEDOT:PSS films scales with volume up to ∼5 × 106 μm3 but is saturated at larger volumes. This scaling behavior is paralleled by the scaling of the ESA, hence the ratio between the effective capacitance and ESA remains constant across the whole data set, thus showing that the specific areal capacitance is indeed the relevant material property of PEDOT:PSS. EIS data fit supports the experimental evidence obtained by CV, further revealing that the diffusion time constant is also saturated at high volumes. This supports the scenario where the effective capacitance relates to the ion accessible ESA, and shows that the saturation of the capacitance arises from a change of ion penetration from a diffusive (at small volumes) to a non-diffusive regime at large volumes.
2020
Bianchi, M.; Carli, S.; Di Lauro, M.; Prato, M.; Murgia, M.; Fadiga, L.; Biscarini, F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2426966
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