The search for safer and sustainable management of animal manure is a global and topical challenge, in particular for the reduction of nitrogen (N) content. The use of natural adsorbents as zeolite-rich tuffs is recognized as a valid method to recover N, in the form of ammonium (NH4+), from animal manure. While the scientific literature is rich in studies performed on synthetic solutions and using clinoptilolite zeolites as adsorbent, it lacks information concerning adsorption in real liquid manure and using other types of zeolite-rich tuffs (e.g., chabazite). This work aims at exploring the NH4+ adsorption process from raw liquid swine manure, using a chabazite-rich zeolite tuff as adsorbent. The effects of temperature, contact time, and grain size have been assessed. Isotherms, kinetic models, and thermodynamic parameters have been investigated. Harkins-Jura isotherm correlates well with the observed data, in accordance with the formation of an adsorption multilayer. Kinetic data have been explained by intraparticle diffusion and pseudo-second-order models. In conclusion, the natural chabazite tuff has proven to be a valid material for NH4+ adsorption from raw liquid swine manure. In particular, to reach the highest adsorption capacities and adsorption rates, it is recommended to use it at a fine particle size and with dosages < 6 %.

Isotherms, Kinetics, and Thermodynamics of NH4+ Adsorption in Raw Liquid Manure by Using Natural Chabazite Zeolite-Rich Tuff

Giulio Galamini
Primo
;
Giacomo Ferretti
Secondo
;
Valeria Medoro;Nicola Tescaro;Barbara Faccini
Penultimo
;
Massimo Coltorti
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

The search for safer and sustainable management of animal manure is a global and topical challenge, in particular for the reduction of nitrogen (N) content. The use of natural adsorbents as zeolite-rich tuffs is recognized as a valid method to recover N, in the form of ammonium (NH4+), from animal manure. While the scientific literature is rich in studies performed on synthetic solutions and using clinoptilolite zeolites as adsorbent, it lacks information concerning adsorption in real liquid manure and using other types of zeolite-rich tuffs (e.g., chabazite). This work aims at exploring the NH4+ adsorption process from raw liquid swine manure, using a chabazite-rich zeolite tuff as adsorbent. The effects of temperature, contact time, and grain size have been assessed. Isotherms, kinetic models, and thermodynamic parameters have been investigated. Harkins-Jura isotherm correlates well with the observed data, in accordance with the formation of an adsorption multilayer. Kinetic data have been explained by intraparticle diffusion and pseudo-second-order models. In conclusion, the natural chabazite tuff has proven to be a valid material for NH4+ adsorption from raw liquid swine manure. In particular, to reach the highest adsorption capacities and adsorption rates, it is recommended to use it at a fine particle size and with dosages < 6 %.
2020
Galamini, Giulio; Ferretti, Giacomo; Medoro, Valeria; Tescaro, Nicola; Faccini, Barbara; Coltorti, Massimo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2423426
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