Fractures through the mandible at the level of the parasymphysis extending obliquely and traversing through the transitional zone to body region are relatively common. Therefore, a surgeon should have an appropriate understanding of the biomechanics of different plating techniques to fix these fractures. There is always a dilemma for the surgeon as to whether to fix these mandibular segments with one or two miniplates, and the presence of mental neurovascular bundle makes it more challenging. A study was planned in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery to evaluate a novel twin-fork design of a miniplate used for fracture fixation at the transition zone of parasymphysis and body region of mandible after an in-vitro study of same design, and provided encouraging results. A total of 30 patients (10 patients in three groups each) were included in the study. All patients were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively for operating time, ease of placement of miniplate, occlusion, reduction of fracture, neurosensory disturbances and infection. The novel design of twin-fork−shaped miniplate proved to be superior to the conventional miniplate in terms of neurosensory (Fisher exact test 17.40; p = 0.003) and functional outcome. There was statistically significant difference (χ2 = 13.895, p = 0.031) in postoperative reduction of fracture at week 4, indicating superiority of the twin-fork miniplate among the other conventional designs. The study concludes that the use of newly designed twin-fork−shaped miniplate should be encouraged in the fractures of transitional zone of parasymphysis-body region involving mental neurovascular bundle.

Novel design of miniplate for fixation of fractures at transition zone of parasymphysis-body region of mandible – A clinical randomised study

Galie M.
Ultimo
2019

Abstract

Fractures through the mandible at the level of the parasymphysis extending obliquely and traversing through the transitional zone to body region are relatively common. Therefore, a surgeon should have an appropriate understanding of the biomechanics of different plating techniques to fix these fractures. There is always a dilemma for the surgeon as to whether to fix these mandibular segments with one or two miniplates, and the presence of mental neurovascular bundle makes it more challenging. A study was planned in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery to evaluate a novel twin-fork design of a miniplate used for fracture fixation at the transition zone of parasymphysis and body region of mandible after an in-vitro study of same design, and provided encouraging results. A total of 30 patients (10 patients in three groups each) were included in the study. All patients were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively for operating time, ease of placement of miniplate, occlusion, reduction of fracture, neurosensory disturbances and infection. The novel design of twin-fork−shaped miniplate proved to be superior to the conventional miniplate in terms of neurosensory (Fisher exact test 17.40; p = 0.003) and functional outcome. There was statistically significant difference (χ2 = 13.895, p = 0.031) in postoperative reduction of fracture at week 4, indicating superiority of the twin-fork miniplate among the other conventional designs. The study concludes that the use of newly designed twin-fork−shaped miniplate should be encouraged in the fractures of transitional zone of parasymphysis-body region involving mental neurovascular bundle.
2019
Datarkar, A.; Tayal, S.; Galie, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2423332
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