OBJECTIVE: Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is one of the most common neurosurgical pathologies, typically affecting the elderly. Its incidence is expected to grow along with the aging population. Surgical drainage represents the treatment of choice; however, postoperative complications and the rate of recurrence are not negligible. For this reason, nonsurgical alternatives (such as middle meningeal artery embolization, steroids, or tranexamic acid administration) are gaining popularity worldwide and need to be carefully evaluated, especially in the elderly population.METHODS: The authors performed a systematic review according to PRISMA criteria of the studies analyzing the nonsurgical strategies for CSDHs. They collected all papers in the English language published between 1990 and 2019 by searching different medical databases. The chosen keywords were "chronic subdural hematoma," "conservative treatment/management," "pharmacological treatment," "non-surgical," "tranexamic acid," "dexamethasone," "corticosteroid," "glucocorticoid," "middle meningeal artery," "endovascular treatment," and "embolization."RESULTS: The authors ultimately collected 15 articles regarding the pharmacological management of CSDHs matching the criteria, and 14 papers included the endovascular treatment.CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that surgery still represents the mainstay in cases of symptomatic patients with large CSDHs; however, adjuvant and alternative therapies can be effective and safe in a carefully selected population. Their inclusion in new guidelines is advisable.

To drill or not to drill, that is the question: nonsurgical treatment of chronic subdural hematoma in the elderly. A systematic review

Scerrati, Alba
Primo
;
Visani, Jacopo;Cavallo, Michele Alessandro;De Bonis, Pasquale
2020

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is one of the most common neurosurgical pathologies, typically affecting the elderly. Its incidence is expected to grow along with the aging population. Surgical drainage represents the treatment of choice; however, postoperative complications and the rate of recurrence are not negligible. For this reason, nonsurgical alternatives (such as middle meningeal artery embolization, steroids, or tranexamic acid administration) are gaining popularity worldwide and need to be carefully evaluated, especially in the elderly population.METHODS: The authors performed a systematic review according to PRISMA criteria of the studies analyzing the nonsurgical strategies for CSDHs. They collected all papers in the English language published between 1990 and 2019 by searching different medical databases. The chosen keywords were "chronic subdural hematoma," "conservative treatment/management," "pharmacological treatment," "non-surgical," "tranexamic acid," "dexamethasone," "corticosteroid," "glucocorticoid," "middle meningeal artery," "endovascular treatment," and "embolization."RESULTS: The authors ultimately collected 15 articles regarding the pharmacological management of CSDHs matching the criteria, and 14 papers included the endovascular treatment.CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that surgery still represents the mainstay in cases of symptomatic patients with large CSDHs; however, adjuvant and alternative therapies can be effective and safe in a carefully selected population. Their inclusion in new guidelines is advisable.
2020
Scerrati, Alba; Visani, Jacopo; Ricciardi, Luca; Dones, Flavia; Rustemi, Oriela; Cavallo, Michele Alessandro; De Bonis, Pasquale
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2422337
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