We present a new method for the numerical solution of the radiative-transfer equation(RTE) in multidimensional scenarios commonly encountered in computational astrophysics. The method is based on the direct solution of the Boltzmann equation via an extension of the Lattice Boltzmann (LB) methods and allows to model the evolution of the radiation field as it interacts with a background fluid, via absorption, emission, and scattering. As a first application of this method, we restrict our attention to a frequency independent (“grey”) formulation within a special-relativistic framework,which can be employed also for classical computational astrophysics. For a number of standard tests that consider the performance of the method in optically thin, optically thick and intermediate regimes with a static fluid, we show the ability of the LB method to produce accurate and convergent results matching the analytic solutions.We also contrast the LB method with commonly employed moment-based schemes for the solution of the RTE, such as the M1 scheme. In this way, we are able to highlight that the LB method provides the correct solution for both non-trivial free-streaming scenarios and the intermediate optical-depth regime, for which the M1 method either fails or provides inaccurate solutions. When coupling to a dynamical fluid, on the other hand, we present the first self-consistent solution of the RTE with LB methods within a relativistic-hydrodynamic scenario. Finally, we show that besides providing more accurate results in all regimes, the LB method features smaller or comparable computational costs compared to the M1 scheme. We conclude that LB methods rep-resent a competitive and promising avenue to the solution of radiative transport, one of the most common and yet important problems in computational astrophysics.

Beyond moments: relativistic lattice Boltzmann methods for radiative transport in computational astrophysics

Gabbana, A
Secondo
;
Simeoni, D;Tripiccione, R
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

We present a new method for the numerical solution of the radiative-transfer equation(RTE) in multidimensional scenarios commonly encountered in computational astrophysics. The method is based on the direct solution of the Boltzmann equation via an extension of the Lattice Boltzmann (LB) methods and allows to model the evolution of the radiation field as it interacts with a background fluid, via absorption, emission, and scattering. As a first application of this method, we restrict our attention to a frequency independent (“grey”) formulation within a special-relativistic framework,which can be employed also for classical computational astrophysics. For a number of standard tests that consider the performance of the method in optically thin, optically thick and intermediate regimes with a static fluid, we show the ability of the LB method to produce accurate and convergent results matching the analytic solutions.We also contrast the LB method with commonly employed moment-based schemes for the solution of the RTE, such as the M1 scheme. In this way, we are able to highlight that the LB method provides the correct solution for both non-trivial free-streaming scenarios and the intermediate optical-depth regime, for which the M1 method either fails or provides inaccurate solutions. When coupling to a dynamical fluid, on the other hand, we present the first self-consistent solution of the RTE with LB methods within a relativistic-hydrodynamic scenario. Finally, we show that besides providing more accurate results in all regimes, the LB method features smaller or comparable computational costs compared to the M1 scheme. We conclude that LB methods rep-resent a competitive and promising avenue to the solution of radiative transport, one of the most common and yet important problems in computational astrophysics.
2020
Weih, L R; Gabbana, A; Simeoni, D; Rezzolla, L; Succi, S; Tripiccione, R
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2422228
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