Objectives: To evaluate the impact on peri-implant bone support (as assessed on periapical radiographs) of the remodeling dynamics of varying graft biomaterials used for transcrestal sinus floor elevation (tSFE). Methods: The study is a multicenter, retrospective series of cases undergone tSFE (performed according to the Smart Lift technique) and concomitant implant placement. At operator's discretion, tSFE was performed with bone core (BC) alone or supplemented by deproteinized bovine or porcine bone mineral (DBBM and DPBM, respectively), synthetic hydroxyapatite in a collagen matrix (S-HA), or ß-tricalcium phosphate (ß-TCP). Immediately after surgery, at 6–12 months post-surgery, and at later (≥24 months) follow-up intervals, the percentage proportion of the implant surface in direct contact with the radiopaque area was calculated for the entire implant surface (totCON%). Also, the height of the graft apical to the implant apex (aGH) was assessed. Results: At 6–12 months following tSFE, median totCON% was 100%, with a median aGH of 1.4 mm. A tendency of aGH to decrease in height was observed at later follow-up intervals for sites treated with all grafting procedures. In all treatment groups, the majority of the implant surface was still surrounded by the radiopaque area at the longest follow-up visits. Conclusions: Although the height of the peri-implant radiopaque area apical to the implant apex tends to reduce overtime at sites which have received tSFE, the peri-implant bone support seems to be maintained long term irrespective of the graft material used.

The impact of graft remodeling on peri-implant bone support at implants placed concomitantly with transcrestal sinus floor elevation: A multicenter, retrospective case series

Franceschetti G.
Primo
;
Farina R.
Secondo
;
Minenna L.;Riccardi O.;Maietti E.
Penultimo
;
Trombelli L.
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the impact on peri-implant bone support (as assessed on periapical radiographs) of the remodeling dynamics of varying graft biomaterials used for transcrestal sinus floor elevation (tSFE). Methods: The study is a multicenter, retrospective series of cases undergone tSFE (performed according to the Smart Lift technique) and concomitant implant placement. At operator's discretion, tSFE was performed with bone core (BC) alone or supplemented by deproteinized bovine or porcine bone mineral (DBBM and DPBM, respectively), synthetic hydroxyapatite in a collagen matrix (S-HA), or ß-tricalcium phosphate (ß-TCP). Immediately after surgery, at 6–12 months post-surgery, and at later (≥24 months) follow-up intervals, the percentage proportion of the implant surface in direct contact with the radiopaque area was calculated for the entire implant surface (totCON%). Also, the height of the graft apical to the implant apex (aGH) was assessed. Results: At 6–12 months following tSFE, median totCON% was 100%, with a median aGH of 1.4 mm. A tendency of aGH to decrease in height was observed at later follow-up intervals for sites treated with all grafting procedures. In all treatment groups, the majority of the implant surface was still surrounded by the radiopaque area at the longest follow-up visits. Conclusions: Although the height of the peri-implant radiopaque area apical to the implant apex tends to reduce overtime at sites which have received tSFE, the peri-implant bone support seems to be maintained long term irrespective of the graft material used.
Franceschetti, G.; Farina, R.; Minenna, L.; Riccardi, O.; Stacchi, C.; Di Raimondo, R.; Maietti, E.; Trombelli, L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2421912
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