Background: Treatment of isolated blow-in orbital roof fractures is still debated due to their anatomical complexity and the potential ocular and neurological related injuries. Surgery is advised in symptomatic cases while there is still controversy regarding the preferred treatment for those patients asymptomatic. Objective: To explore the suitability of a conservative management with close imaging follow-up in asymptomatic isolated blow-in orbital roof fractures. Methods: A single-case experience has been integrated into a systematic review of the literature to support the discussion on this specific traumatic lesion. Studies written in English and pertaining adult human subjects were further filtered according to the following eligibility criteria: clear definition of fracture's pattern, absence of concomitant cranio-facial injuries requiring management, proper description of treatment timing and outcome. Results: The literature regarding treatment of isolated orbital roof fractures is of poor quality partly due to the rarity of such lesions. A total of 4 studies limited to small case series with 13 patients in total discuss thoroughly management options and timing of treatment. In particular, displaced blow-in fractures were treated conservatively in 4 patients with only 2 benefitting from this approach. Our patient showed a spontaneous realignment of a posttraumatic blow-in orbital roof deformity and at 12-month follow-up conservative management appeared a safe and effective strategy. A short-term wait-and-see approach with aggressive follow-up imaging could probably represent a reasonable option for treatment of isolated blow-in orbital roof fractures without neurological or ocular symptoms. Since literature remains confined to limited case series, future multicenter studies adopting shared evaluation parameters would help in standardizing the indications for this subset of craniofacial injuries.

Spontaneous Repositioning of Isolated Blow-In Orbital Roof Fracture: Could Wait and See Be a Strategy in Asymptomatic Cases?

Mongardi, Lorenzo;De Bonis, Pasquale;Scerrati, Alba;
2020

Abstract

Background: Treatment of isolated blow-in orbital roof fractures is still debated due to their anatomical complexity and the potential ocular and neurological related injuries. Surgery is advised in symptomatic cases while there is still controversy regarding the preferred treatment for those patients asymptomatic. Objective: To explore the suitability of a conservative management with close imaging follow-up in asymptomatic isolated blow-in orbital roof fractures. Methods: A single-case experience has been integrated into a systematic review of the literature to support the discussion on this specific traumatic lesion. Studies written in English and pertaining adult human subjects were further filtered according to the following eligibility criteria: clear definition of fracture's pattern, absence of concomitant cranio-facial injuries requiring management, proper description of treatment timing and outcome. Results: The literature regarding treatment of isolated orbital roof fractures is of poor quality partly due to the rarity of such lesions. A total of 4 studies limited to small case series with 13 patients in total discuss thoroughly management options and timing of treatment. In particular, displaced blow-in fractures were treated conservatively in 4 patients with only 2 benefitting from this approach. Our patient showed a spontaneous realignment of a posttraumatic blow-in orbital roof deformity and at 12-month follow-up conservative management appeared a safe and effective strategy. A short-term wait-and-see approach with aggressive follow-up imaging could probably represent a reasonable option for treatment of isolated blow-in orbital roof fractures without neurological or ocular symptoms. Since literature remains confined to limited case series, future multicenter studies adopting shared evaluation parameters would help in standardizing the indications for this subset of craniofacial injuries.
Lofrese, Giorgio; Mongardi, Lorenzo; De Bonis, Pasquale; Scerrati, Alba; Nicassio, Nicola; Cultrera, Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2415825
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