Objectives: Polyomavirus (PyV) infections have been associated with different diseases. BK (BKPyV), JC (JCPyV) and simian virus 40 (SV40) are the three main PyVs whose primary infection occurs early in life. Their vertical transmission was investigated in this study. Methods: PyV sequences were analyzed by the digital droplet PCR in blood, serum, placenta, amniotic fluid, vaginal smear from two independent cohorts of pregnant females and umbilical cord blood (UCB) samples. IgG antibodies against the three PyVs were investigated by indirect E.L.I.S.As with viral mimotopes. Results: DNAs from blood, vaginal smear and placenta tested BKPyV-, JCPyV- and SV40- positive with a distinct prevalence, while amniotic fluids were all PyVs-negative. A prevalence of 3%, 7%, and 3% for BKPyV, JCPyV and SV40 DNA sequences, respectively, was obtained in UCBs. Serum IgG antibodies from pregnant females reached an overall prevalence of 62%, 42% and 17% for BKPyV, JCPyV and SV40, respectively. Sera from newborns (UCB) tested IgGpositive with a prevalence of 10% for BKPyV/JCPyV and 3 % for SV40. Conclusions: In this investigation, PyV vertical transmission was revealed by detecting PyV DNA sequences and IgG antibodies in samples from females and their offspring suggesting a potential risk of diseases in newborns.

Mother-to-child transmission of oncogenic polyomaviruses BKPyV, JCPyV and SV40

Elisa Mazzoni
Primo
;
Elena Pellegrinelli
Secondo
;
Chiara Mazziotta;Carmen Lanzillotti;John Charles Rotondo;Ilaria Bononi;Maria Rosa Iaquinta;Marco Manfrini;Fortunato Vesce;Mauro Tognon
Penultimo
;
Fernanda Martini
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

Objectives: Polyomavirus (PyV) infections have been associated with different diseases. BK (BKPyV), JC (JCPyV) and simian virus 40 (SV40) are the three main PyVs whose primary infection occurs early in life. Their vertical transmission was investigated in this study. Methods: PyV sequences were analyzed by the digital droplet PCR in blood, serum, placenta, amniotic fluid, vaginal smear from two independent cohorts of pregnant females and umbilical cord blood (UCB) samples. IgG antibodies against the three PyVs were investigated by indirect E.L.I.S.As with viral mimotopes. Results: DNAs from blood, vaginal smear and placenta tested BKPyV-, JCPyV- and SV40- positive with a distinct prevalence, while amniotic fluids were all PyVs-negative. A prevalence of 3%, 7%, and 3% for BKPyV, JCPyV and SV40 DNA sequences, respectively, was obtained in UCBs. Serum IgG antibodies from pregnant females reached an overall prevalence of 62%, 42% and 17% for BKPyV, JCPyV and SV40, respectively. Sera from newborns (UCB) tested IgGpositive with a prevalence of 10% for BKPyV/JCPyV and 3 % for SV40. Conclusions: In this investigation, PyV vertical transmission was revealed by detecting PyV DNA sequences and IgG antibodies in samples from females and their offspring suggesting a potential risk of diseases in newborns.
2020
Mazzoni, Elisa; Pellegrinelli, Elena; Mazziotta, Chiara; Lanzillotti, Carmen; Rotondo, John Charles; Bononi, Ilaria; Iaquinta, Maria Rosa; Manfrini, Marco; Vesce, Fortunato; Tognon, Mauro; Martini, Fernanda
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Mazzoni et al., 2020 Jouranl of Infection_ Article in press.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Descrizione: Mother-to-child transmission of oncogenic polyomaviruses BKPyV, JCPyV and SV40
Tipologia: Full text (versione editoriale)
Licenza: NON PUBBLICO - Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 1.09 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.09 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
j.jinf.2020.02.006.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Pre-print
Tipologia: Pre-print
Licenza: PUBBLICO - Pubblico con Copyright
Dimensione 968.23 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
968.23 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2415480
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 16
  • Scopus 18
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 19
social impact