Changes in left atrial (LA) strain in patients treated with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) remain not entirely explored. We prospectively evaluated long-term changes in LA size and function and their relation with left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling and noninvasive hemodynamic variables in patients treated with CRT by 2-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography. Thirty patients (62 ± 11 years, 63% men) underwent 2-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography before implant and after 12 months. LA area, global and regional LA strains, LV ejection fraction (LVEF) and longitudinal strain, mitral regurgitation (MR), and diastolic variables were evaluated. At 12 months, CRT responders (60%) exhibited an increase in LA strain (11.4 ± 6.5% vs 16.5 ± 7.9%, p <0.001) and a reduction in LA area (p = 0.002), which were associated with an improvement in MR, E/E′ ratio, LVEF, and LV longitudinal strain. In nonresponders, a worsening in LA strain (11.4 ± 6.8% vs 8.7 ± 4.6%, p = 0.017) and LA area (p = 0.002) occurred in parallel with an increase in E/E′, whereas LVEF and LV longitudinal strain were unchanged. In conclusion, over long-term follow-up, LA size and strain improved in CRT responders, while worsening in nonresponders. Changes in LV function, filling pressures, and MR seem to be related to LA reverse remodeling, giving a feedback loop.

Effect of Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy on Left Atrial Size and Function as Expressed by Speckle Tracking 2-Dimensional Strain

Rapezzi Claudio;
2016

Abstract

Changes in left atrial (LA) strain in patients treated with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) remain not entirely explored. We prospectively evaluated long-term changes in LA size and function and their relation with left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling and noninvasive hemodynamic variables in patients treated with CRT by 2-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography. Thirty patients (62 ± 11 years, 63% men) underwent 2-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography before implant and after 12 months. LA area, global and regional LA strains, LV ejection fraction (LVEF) and longitudinal strain, mitral regurgitation (MR), and diastolic variables were evaluated. At 12 months, CRT responders (60%) exhibited an increase in LA strain (11.4 ± 6.5% vs 16.5 ± 7.9%, p <0.001) and a reduction in LA area (p = 0.002), which were associated with an improvement in MR, E/E′ ratio, LVEF, and LV longitudinal strain. In nonresponders, a worsening in LA strain (11.4 ± 6.8% vs 8.7 ± 4.6%, p = 0.017) and LA area (p = 0.002) occurred in parallel with an increase in E/E′, whereas LVEF and LV longitudinal strain were unchanged. In conclusion, over long-term follow-up, LA size and strain improved in CRT responders, while worsening in nonresponders. Changes in LV function, filling pressures, and MR seem to be related to LA reverse remodeling, giving a feedback loop.
Valzania, Cinzia; Gadler, Fredrik; Boriani, Giuseppe; Rapezzi, Claudio; Eriksson Maria, J.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2415172
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