Percussion marks have been studied in the field of archaeology for more than a century. Researchers have identified, characterized and analysed them in order to distinguish them from traces of carnivore modification or environment-related damage to bone and reconstruct hominin subsistence strategies. The multiplicity of studies based on percussion marks in different languages has led to a proliferation of different terminologies used for the same marks, especially in English. In addition, as a result of numerous experimental studies or ethnological observations, it is possible to accurately identify the different steps of the butchery process and each of the related marks. We know from experimental studies that the morphology of percussion traces inflicted by the same tools can differ as their morphology depends on many factors (i.e., location and intensity of blows, intrinsic bone variables). In addition to this, carnivore and hominid traces can be superimposed, which sometimes renders their interpretation difficult. Renewed interest in these percussion marks owing to the emergence of new technical means highlighted the need to review their classification and clarify the nomenclature. With this in mind, we reviewed the abundant scientific literature to propose a refined and descriptive nomenclature. The aim is to provide a coherent terminology for the description and analysis of impact fractures in different European languages. We also propose classifying percussion marks into three categories: 1) percussion marks sensu stricto; 2) traces occurring consecutive to long bone breakage and 3) indirect percussion marks related to marrow extraction.

Towards an understanding of hominin marrow extraction strategies: a proposal for percussion mark terminology

Thun Hohenstein U.
Penultimo
;
2020

Abstract

Percussion marks have been studied in the field of archaeology for more than a century. Researchers have identified, characterized and analysed them in order to distinguish them from traces of carnivore modification or environment-related damage to bone and reconstruct hominin subsistence strategies. The multiplicity of studies based on percussion marks in different languages has led to a proliferation of different terminologies used for the same marks, especially in English. In addition, as a result of numerous experimental studies or ethnological observations, it is possible to accurately identify the different steps of the butchery process and each of the related marks. We know from experimental studies that the morphology of percussion traces inflicted by the same tools can differ as their morphology depends on many factors (i.e., location and intensity of blows, intrinsic bone variables). In addition to this, carnivore and hominid traces can be superimposed, which sometimes renders their interpretation difficult. Renewed interest in these percussion marks owing to the emergence of new technical means highlighted the need to review their classification and clarify the nomenclature. With this in mind, we reviewed the abundant scientific literature to propose a refined and descriptive nomenclature. The aim is to provide a coherent terminology for the description and analysis of impact fractures in different European languages. We also propose classifying percussion marks into three categories: 1) percussion marks sensu stricto; 2) traces occurring consecutive to long bone breakage and 3) indirect percussion marks related to marrow extraction.
2020
Vettese, D.; Blasco, R.; Caceres, I.; Gaudzinski- Windheuser, S.; Moncel, Mh; Thun Hohenstein, U.; Daujeard, C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2414720
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